This day in history

► Today is Thursday, Feb. 16, the 47th day of 2012. There are 319 days left in the year. ► Today’s birthdays: Singer Patty Andrews is 94. Actor Jeremy Bulloch is 67. Actor William Katt is 61. Rhythm-and-blues singer James Ingram is 60. Actor LeVar Burton is 55. Actor-rapper Ice-T is 54. Actress Lisa Loring is 54. International Tennis Hall of Famer John McEnroe is 53. Rock musician Andy Taylor is 51. Rock musician Dave Lombardo (Slayer) is 47. Actress Sarah Clarke is 41. Rock musician Taylor Hawkins (Foo Fighters) is 40. Olympic gold medal runner Cathy Freeman is 39. Singer Sam Salter is 37. Rapper Lupe Fiasco is 30. Pop-rock singer Ryan Follese (Hot Chelle Rae) is 25. Actress Elizabeth Olsen is 23. Actor Mike Weinberg is 19. ► In 1804, Lieutenant Stephen Decatur led a raid into Tripoli Harbor to burn the US Navy frigate Philadelphia, which had fallen into the hands of pirates. ► In 1862, the Civil War Battle of Fort Donelson in Tennessee ended as some 12,000 Confederate soldiers surrendered; Union General Ulysses S. Grant’s victory earned him the nickname “Unconditional Surrender Grant.’’ ► In 1868, the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks was organized in New York City. ► In 1918, Lithuania proclaimed its independence from the Russian Empire. ► In 1923, the burial chamber of King Tutankhamen’s recently unearthed tomb was unsealed in Egypt by English archeologist Howard Carter. ► In 1945, American troops landed on the island of Corregidor in the Philippines during World War II. ► In 1959, Fidel Castro became premier of Cuba. ► In 1961, the United States launched the Explorer 9 satellite. ► In 1968, the nation’s first 911 emergency telephone system was inaugurated in Haleyville, Ala. ► In 1977, Janani Luwum, the Anglican archbishop of Uganda, and two other men were killed in what Ugandan authorities said was an automobile accident. ► In 1987, John Demjanjuk went on trial in Jerusalem, accused of being “Ivan the Terrible,’’ a guard at the Treblinka Nazi concentration camp. (Demjanjuk was convicted, but the conviction ended up being overturned by the Israeli Supreme Court.) ► In 1998, a China Airlines Airbus A300-600R trying to land in fog near Taipei, crashed, killing all 196 people on board. ► In 2002, authorities in Noble, Ga., arrested Ray Brent Marsh, who had been operating a crematory where hundreds of decomposing corpses were found stacked in storage sheds and scattered in the woods behind it. (Marsh pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 12 years in prison.)