ATHENS - Greece’s finance ministry on Friday again extended the deadline for holders of Greek bonds issued under foreign law or by state enterprises to agree to swap them with new securities worth less than half their original value.
The exchange will complete the biggest debt writedown in history, relieving the crisis-hit country of just over half its $271.5 billion pile of debt held by banks, pension funds, and other private investors.
The deal is intended to secure Greece’s long-term debt sustainability, bringing the amount owed to its creditors below 120 percent of gross domestic product by 2020, from nearly 170 percent. It also will shift most of the country’s debt from private ownership into the hands of its bailout creditors - fellow eurozone countries and the International Monetary Fund.
Earlier this month, Athens traded government bonds worth $234.4 billion issued under domestic law for new ones, forcing investors to take a cut of more than half the face value of their bonds and accept more lenient repayment terms.
A finance ministry statement gave a new deadline of April 4 for owners of around $38.3 billion in bonds issued under foreign law or by state enterprises that are guaranteed by the state to accept the deal. It was the second extension granted, as the initial March 9 deadline had been moved to Friday night. The ministry warned that holdouts who refused the deal would be forced to take the same payment as those who accepted it.
“[Greece] has, from the outset, advised its creditors that its economic program does not contemplate the availability of funds to make payments to private investors that decline to participate,’’ the statement said.
After years of mismanaging its state finances, Greece has been kept from bankruptcy since May 2010 by international rescue loans, agreed to in exchange for harsh austerity measures meant to tame bloated budget deficits.
But the cutbacks have resulted in a deep recession. Repeated pension and salary cuts, coupled with steep tax hikes, have heightened popular resentment, while unemployment has zoomed to a record 21 percent.
In an interview published Friday, European Central Bank president Mario Draghi said Greece can pull out of its slump.
“The Greeks have passed very many important reforms in Parliament,’’ Draghi told Germany’s Bild daily. “If they also implement these, the country has a chance to get itself out of the current downward spiral.’’