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Hurricane Sandy sucked the wind out of November’s sales

A boy waits for his family at a J.C. Penney store in Las Vegas on Black Friday. Major retailers reported weak November sales, which were linked to Superstorm Sandy.

Julie Jacobson/associated press

A boy waits for his family at a J.C. Penney store in Las Vegas on Black Friday. Major retailers reported weak November sales, which were linked to Superstorm Sandy.

NEW YORK — Black Friday was no match for Hurricane Sandy.

Major retailers from Target to Macy’s reported weak November sales as the strong start to the holiday shopping season — including a good showing on the day after Thanksgiving — wasn’t enough to fully offset the damage caused by Sandy earlier in the month.

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The storm stunted enthusiasm among shoppers during the first couple of weeks of November just as stores were preparing for the busiest shopping period of the year, a roughly two-month stretch at the end of the year when retailers can make up to 40 percent of their annual revenue.

Eighteen retailers on Thursday reported that November sales at stores open at least a year — an indicator of a retailer’s health — through last Saturday were up 1.7 percent compared with the year-ago period, according to the International Council of Shopping Centers. That’s well below the group’s anticipated forecast for a 4.5 percent to 5.5 percent gain.

Only a small group of stores representing about 13 percent of the $2.4 trillion US retail industry report monthly revenue, and the list excludes big merchants such as Walmart Stores Inc., the world’s biggest retailer. But the data still offers a snapshot of consumer spending, which accounts for 70 percent of all economic activity.

November sales show that stores were challenged by Sandy, which hit the Northeast on Oct. 29 and disrupted business activity and households for several days. MasterCard Advisors’ SpendingPulse, which tracks spending, said that Sandy knocked off nearly $4 billion in retail sales during the first week in November in the hard-hit Mid-Atlantic and Northeast regions, which accounts for 24 percent of retail sales nationwide.

The disappointing November sales come after robust sales over the Thanksgiving weekend, the official kickoff to the holiday shopping season. A record 247 million shoppers visited stores and websites over the four-day period that started on Thanksgiving this year, up 9.2 percent over last year, ­according to a survey of 4,000 shoppers conducted by ­research firm BIGinsight for The National Retail Federation trade group. Spending over the four-day weekend totaled $59.1 billion, up 12.8 percent from 2011.

November sales affirm that this holiday season could be a difficult one for stores even though Americans’ confidence is at the highest level since February 2008. Overall, the retail federation estimates that sales in November and December will rise 4.1 percent this year to $586.1 billion.

But that’s more than a percentage point lower than the growth in each of the past two years, and the smallest increase since 2009, when sales were nearly flat.

Michael P. Niemira, chief economist at the International Council of Shopping Centers trade group, said he’s still sticking with his forecast for a 3 percent increase in sales for the holiday season. Originally, Niemira had expected November would be stronger than December, but now he anticipates the trend will be flipped.

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