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The Boston Globe

Business

Michelle Singletary

How do we the people really view income inequality?

President Obama touched on social safety nets and equal pay in his inaugural speech.

Reuters

President Obama touched on social safety nets and equal pay in his inaugural speech.

I listen to presidential speeches with an ear to the parts about personal ­finance. In President Obama’s second inaugural, he made a few interesting points.

The first reference came when he said, “For we, the people, understand that our country cannot succeed when a shrinking few do very well and a growing many barely make it.”

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I wondered: Do we as a nation really understand this?

I don’t think so. If we did, I wouldn’t receive numerous ­e-mails from people criticizing programs that help those who fell into the housing sinkhole. Their complaint? Why should those people get help when I did all the right things financially and I don’t qualify for anything? The writers see irresponsible people who don’t deserve help. They don’t acknowledge the predatory practices that pushed some into mortgages they couldn’t afford.

Obama went on to say: “We believe that America’s prosperity must rest upon the broad shoulders of a rising middle class. We know that America thrives when every person can find independence and pride in their work, when the wages of honest labor liberate families from the brink of hardship.”

On his first point I agree. The middle class is the focus of much attention, but often at the expense of the poor. If we truly cared about the poor, we would have a federal living wage. The federal minimum wage is $7.25 an hour. How can families get decent housing, pay for the necessities (food, utilities, transportation), and save for retirement or their kid’s college education on about $15,000 a year on one paycheck? Many two-income households can’t make it on low-wage or midwage salaries.

On RaiseTheMinimumWage.com, a project of the National Employment Law Project, the advocates say the standard would be $10.58 an hour if pegged to inflation over the past 40 years. Even at that amount it would still be tough to make ends meet.

The Law Project released a report last year discussing twin trends during the recession — the loss of midwage jobs (occupations with median hourly wages from $13.84 to $21.13) and the growth of lower-wage jobs (median hourly wages from $7.69 to $13.83). Lower-wage jobs were 21 percent of recession job losses, but 58 percent of recovery growth, according to the report. Midwage jobs were 60 percent of recession losses, but only 22 percent of recovery growth.

Obama also talked about equal pay for women, arguing that “our journey is not complete until our wives, our mothers and daughters can earn a living equal to their efforts.” As the mother of two daughters, I’d like specifics on what more the president hopes to do to eliminate the gender pay gap.

I don’t believe enough people, as Obama said, “recognize that no matter how responsibly we live our lives, any one of us at any time may face a job loss or a sudden illness or a home swept away in a terrible storm.”

Income inequality is increasingly dividing our country. Many haves think people only need to pull themselves up by their bootstraps. They believe they have achieved success on their own. And many have-nots often don’t help their case when they act irresponsibly. And yet even when they do make mistakes, we should have compassion and fight to maintain the social safety nets — Medicaid, Medicare, Social Security — that, as Obama said, “do not sap our initiative. They strengthen us.”

Obama still has hope.

“We are true to our creed when a little girl born into the bleakest poverty knows that she has the same chance to succeed as anybody else,” he said.

I was that little girl. I’ve known hunger. I nearly ended up in foster care. But I believed that I could succeed. And I did it. But not alone. I had help. I had my grandmother. And she had help through the state medical assistance program.

Rising tides do lift all boats. Maybe soon we the people will agree.

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