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Business

Rise in Social Security taxes saps confidence

Drop in spending threatens growth in first quarter

Despite the deal to stave off most tax increases, Social Security taxes rose in January, leaving consumers, such as this woman shopping in Chicago, with less take-home pay.

Nam Y. Huh/Associated Press

Despite the deal to stave off most tax increases, Social Security taxes rose in January, leaving consumers, such as this woman shopping in Chicago, with less take-home pay.

WASHINGTON — An increase in Social Security taxes is leaving Americans with less take-home pay — and a more negative outlook for the US economy.

The Conference Board said Tuesday that its index of consumer confidence plunged 8.1 points in January from December to 58.6. That is the lowest reading in 14 months and the third straight decline.

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Congress and the White House reached a deal in January to keep income taxes from rising on most Americans. But the agreement did not extend a temporary cut in the Social Security taxes.

The tax increase will leave a household earning $50,000 a year with about $1,000 less to spend in 2013. A household with two high-paid workers will have up to $4,500 less.

The private research group said the tax hike was the key reason consumers felt less confident in January. The survey was conducted through Jan. 17, at which point most people began to realize their paychecks were lighter.

‘‘It may take a while for confidence to rebound and consumers to recover from their initial paycheck shock,’’ said Lynn Franco, the Conference Board’s economist.

Consumers also said they felt less optimistic about their job prospects.

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Taxes are rising at a time when hiring is limited and wages are barely growing.

The index has declined for three straight months since hitting a nearly five-year high of 73.1 in October 2012. It is still above the post-recession low of 40.9 reached in October 2011.

Consumers began to feel less optimistic at the end of the year when it appeared congressional Republicans and President Obama were at an impasse over sharp spending cuts and tax increases.

Obama reached a deal with Republicans on Jan. 1 that kept most Americans from seeing higher income taxes. But they postponed decisions on spending cuts and raising the nation’s debt limit until later in the year. And they allowed the Social Security tax cut to expire.

‘‘All the negative news about the dysfunction in Washington surrounding the fiscal cliff negotiations contributed to the December plunge, and ongoing shenanigans concerning the debt ceiling and fiscal sanity in general continued to weigh in January,’’ said Joshua Shapiro, chief US economist at MFR Inc., in a note to clients.

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