NEW YORK (AP) — Stocks fell on Wall Street Friday after the government reported that US employers added the fewest jobs in nine months in March and more people gave up looking for work. The report was worse than economists were expecting.
The Dow Jones industrial average fell 41 points to 14,565. It was down as much as 171 points in the early going before gaining back much of its early loss.
US employers added just 88,000 jobs in March, according to the Labor Department’s monthly survey. That’s half the pace of the previous six months. The report was a disappointment for investors following positive signs on housing and the job market over the winter.
The survey, one of the most closely watched indicators of the economy, dented investors’ confidence that the US was poised for a sustained recovery. The stock market has surged this year, pushing the Dow to a record. The index closed at an all-time high on Tuesday and is still up 10 percent this year.
‘‘Things are still looking decent, but there’s no doubt that this was a bit of a disappointment,’’ said Brad Sorensen, Charles Schwab’s director of market and sector research. ‘‘We’re watching to see: is this the start of another soft patch?’’
In other trading, the Standard & Poor’s 500 index fell 7 points, or 0.45 percent, to 1,553.
Investors were reducing their exposure to risk. The utilities and telecommunications industries bucked the downward trend in the market. Both rose 0.1 percent. The rich dividends and stable earnings provided by those companies make them attractive to investors who want to play it safe.
Stocks pared their early losses as some investors inferred that slowing US growth meant that the Federal Reserve would stick to its stimulus program. The central bank is currently buying $85 billion dollars in bonds every month as part of an effort to revive the economy. Its actions have been a big factor pushing the stock market higher this year.
‘‘This keeps the Federal Reserve accommodative, and if economic data were to deteriorate more, then the Fed would perhaps become more accommodative still,’’ said Quincy Krosby, a market strategist at Prudential Financial.
Investors will shift their focus to earnings reports next week.
Alcoa, the first company in the Dow index to report earnings, will release its first-quarter financial results after the markets close Monday. Analysts expect profits for S&P 500 companies to rise 0.6 percent in the first quarter compared with the same period a year earlier, according to S&P Capital IQ. That compares with an increase of 7.7 percent in the fourth quarter of 2012.
The yield on the 10-year Treasury note, which moves inversely to its price, plunged from 1.76 percent to 1.69 percent, its lowest level since December. The benchmark rate has declined sharply over the last month, from 2.06 percent on March 11, as demand for low-risk assets increased amid mounting evidence that growth in the US economy is slowing.
Matthew Coffina, an editor at Morningstar StockInvestor, said stocks are still a better investment than bonds over the next decade since bonds will be vulnerable to any rise in inflation or interest rates. ‘‘We still have a strong preference for stocks,’’ Coffina said.
The Nasdaq composite, which includes many technology companies, fell 21 points, or 0.65 percent, to 3,204.