NEW ORLEANS — BP PLC is being forced to pay inflated and even ‘‘fictitious’’ claims to businesses because of the way a court-appointed administrator is making payments from a legal settlement following the 2010 oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, a lawyer for the oil giant said Monday.
Ted Olson made the arguments in a packed courtroom before a three-judge panel of the 5th US Circuit Court of Appeals. A lower court already refused to block payments to businesses that say the spill cost them money.
At stake are billions of dollars in settlement payments stemming from the blowout of BP’s Macondo well in the Gulf of Mexico. It was unclear when the appeals panel would rule.
Samuel Issacharoff, a lawyer for Gulf Coast businesses and residents, argued the oil company was aware of the settlement terms and the administrator’s methods. He questioned whether the appeals court has authority to change that agreement.
‘‘There is no order of the lower court that is capable of being reviewed by this court,’’ Issacharoff said.
Olson, who served as solicitor general under President George W. Bush, attacked the payout process.
‘‘Irreparable injustices are taking place and money is being dispensed to parties from whom it may not be recoverable,’’ he said in his opening remarks to the judges.
The panel opened Monday’s hearing by asking Olson whether the court has jurisdiction in a case involving a settlement already approved by the parties in the case and a US District Court judge.
Judge James Dennis seemed skeptical at times, asking at one point, ‘‘How can we go beyond the four corners of the agreement?’’
BP has asserted that the judge who approved the deal and a court-appointed claims administrator have misinterpreted the settlement, allowing thousands of businesses to secure hundreds of millions of dollars in payments for inflated and fictitious losses.
Plaintiffs’ lawyers who brokered the deal last year counter that BP undervalued the settlement and underestimated how many claimants would qualify for payments under the terms they negotiated.
BP’s appeal does not apply to payouts to individuals.
The April 2010 blowout of BP’s well off the Louisiana coast triggered an explosion that killed 11 workers on the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig and led to millions of gallons of oil spilling into the Gulf. Shortly after the disaster, BP agreed to create a $20 billion compensation fund that was administered at first by the Gulf Coast Claims Facility, led by lawyer Kenneth Feinberg.
After the settlement was announced last year, US District Judge Carl Barbier appointed lawyer Patrick Juneau to take over the process of evaluating and paying claims.
The settlement does not have a cap, but BP initially estimated that it would pay $7.8 billion to resolve claims by tens of thousands of Gulf Coast residents and businesses. Now the company says it no longer can give a reliable estimate for how much the deal will cost.
Awards to businesses are based on a comparison of their revenues and expenses before and after the spill. BP says a ‘‘policy decision’’ that Juneau announced in January 2013 allows businesses to manipulate figures in a way that leads to errors in calculating lost profits.