NEW YORK — Investors’ jitters over emerging markets faded on Tuesday and US stocks rose for the first time in four days.
Global stock markets stabilized after three turbulent days when investors grew worried about growth in China and other developing economies. The sell-off began last Thursday, when a survey for January showed that Chinese manufacturing was set to contract, dragging down stocks in Asia, Europe, and the United States. The slide continued on Friday as currencies in countries including Argentina and Turkey slumped. On Monday, Asian markets dropped, although the selling on Wall Street eased.
By Tuesday, though, global markets regained their calm. In the United States, earnings gains from big companies, including Pfizer Inc., Comcast Corp., and D.R. Horton Inc. helped lift stock indexes. One area of disappointment, though, was Apple Inc., whose weak revenue forecast pushed its stock to the biggest one-day loss in a year.
The stock market has fallen 3 percent in January. In 2013 the market rose 5 percent in the first month, on its way to a 30 percent rise for the year, climbing to record levels.
While the market has not had a correction, a drop of 10 percent or more, since October 2011, many believe that the rally has yet to run its course.
‘‘I tend to interpret the choppiness and downward movement in share prices so far this year as just a little bit of a stumble off the starting block,’’ said John Carey, a portfolio manager at Pioneer Investments. ‘‘This is a temporary situation.’’
A key reason that financial markets stabilized on Tuesday was the widespread expectation that Turkey’s central bank would raise interest rates later that day. The higher rates would shore up Turkey’s slumping currency and fight inflation.
After US markets closed, Turkey’s central bank announced a sharp increase in its benchmark interest rate, to 12 percent from 7.75 percent. Relieved investors sent the Turkish currency, the lira, surging against the dollar. The lira’s plunge last week was at the center of an emerging-market slump that prompted the global sell-off in stocks.
The Argentine peso also stabilized Tuesday after a big drop on Friday when the government was forced to relax restrictions on the purchase of US dollars. The peso dropped 0.3 percent to 8.02 per dollar on Tuesday.
Investors will once again focus on earnings Wednesday.
Fourth-quarter results at major US companies are projected to rise by 6.3 percent from a year earlier. Of companies that have reported results, about two-thirds have met or beaten expectations, according to S&P Capital IQ.
Investors will also be focusing on the Federal Reserve.
Most analysts expect the Fed will announce that it will further reduce its bond purchases by $10 billion to $65 billion following a two-day meeting that began Tuesday. The Fed has been buying bonds to hold down long-term interest rates and encourage lending.