DETROIT — General Motors recalled an additional 2.7 million vehicles Thursday as a deep dive into safety issues at the nation’s biggest automaker turned up more problems with some of the cars it built over the past decade.
The latest recalls bring GM’s total for the year in the United States to more than 11 million cars and trucks, close to its annual recall record of 11.8 million vehicles, set in 2004.
The auto industry is on track to set a single-year record for recalls. Auto companies have recalled 15.4 million vehicles in a little more than four months. The old single-year record for recalls is 30.8 million vehicles in 2004. Toyota, Ford, and Chrysler also have announced sizeable recalls this year.
Several factors are behind the industry’s recall binge. GM is reviewing all of its vehicles for safety issues following the recall earlier this year of 2.6 million older small cars with a defective ignition switch. GM knew about the switch problem for a decade before issuing a recall. The company links the problem to 13 deaths and faces investigations, including one by the Justice Department, over its handling of the matter.
Automakers are moving faster to fix problems than in the past in a bid to avoid bad publicity and record fines.
Jeff Boyer, the new safety chief at GM, said the company is looking at cases that were under review in its system and resolving them as fast as possible. GM, he said, added 35 people to its recall review team.
‘‘We’re not waiting for warranty trends to develop over time,’’ Boyer said. ‘‘It’s not only about frequency, it has to be about the seriousness of the potential defect as well.’’
GM said the new recalls will fix problems with brake lights, headlamps, power brakes, and windshield wipers. The Detroit automaker will take a $200 million charge this quarter, on top of a $1.3 billion charge in the first quarter, mostly to cover the repairs. Shares fell 2 percent in afternoon trading.
The largest of Thursday’s recalls shows how GM is behaving differently. The company is recalling 2.4 million Chevrolet Malibu, Pontiac G6, and Saturn Aura midsize cars from the 2004 through 2012 model years because the brake light wires can corrode, causing the lights to fail. GM says it knew of the problem nearly six years ago.
The Detroit automaker knows of several hundred complaints, 13 crashes, and two injuries caused by the problem.
Bob Carter, Toyota’s US automotive operations chief, told analysts last month that car owners can expect more frequent recalls because the regulatory and competitive environments have changed.
Other GM recalls announced Thursday include:
■ More than 140,000 Malibus from 2014, where a software problem in the brake control computer can disable the power brakes.
■ Nearly 112,000 Chevy Corvettes from 2005 through 2007 because they can lose low-beam headlights. GM says when the engine is warm, an electrical housing can expand and bend a wire, causing it to fracture.
■ 19,000 Cadillac CTS sports sedans because the windshield wipers can fail after the cars are jump-started and the wipers are stuck by ice and snow.