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This day in history

Tuesday, Oct. 23, is the 297th day of 2012. There are 69 days left in the year.

Today’s birthdays: Baseball Hall-of-Famer and former US senator Jim Bunning (R-Ky.) is 81. Soccer great Pele is 72. Country singer Dwight Yoakam is 56. Community activist Martin Luther King III is 55. Actor Ryan Reynolds is 36.

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In 1915, tens of thousands of women marched in New York, demanding the right to vote.

In 1942, during World War II, Britain launched a major offensive against Axis forces at El Alamein in Egypt, ending in an Allied victory.

In 1956, a student-sparked revolt against Hungary’s communist rule began; as the revolution spread, Soviet forces started entering the country, and the uprising was put down.

In 1983, 241 US service members, most of them Marines, were killed in a suicide truck-bombing at Beirut International Airport in Lebanon; a near-simultaneous attack on French forces killed 58 paratroopers.

In 1987, the US Senate rejected, 58-42, the Supreme Court nomination of Robert H. Bork.

In 1992, Japanese Emperor Akihito began a visit to China, the first by a Japanese monarch.

In 1995, a jury in Houston convicted Yolanda Saldivar of murdering Tejano singing star Selena. (Saldivar is serving a life prison sentence.)

In 2002, gunmen seized a crowded Moscow theater, taking hundreds hostage and threatening to kill their captives unless the Russian army pulled out of Chechnya.

In 2011, Libya’s interim rulers declared the country liberated, formally marking the end of Moammar Gadhafi’s 42-year tyranny.

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