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This day in history

Saturday, Nov. 10, is the 315th day of 2012. There are 51 days left in the year.

Today’s birthdays: Film composer Ennio Morricone is 84. Lyricist Tim Rice is 68. Rock singer-musician Greg Lake (Emerson, Lake and Palmer) is 65. Actress-dancer Ann Reinking is 63. Actress Mackenzie Phillips is 53. Actor-comedian Tracy Morgan is 44. Actress Ellen Pompeo is 43. Rapper-producer Warren G is 42. Country singer Miranda Lambert is 29.

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In 1775, the US Marines were organized under authority of the Continental Congress.

In 1871, journalist-explorer Henry M. Stanley found Scottish missionary David Livingstone, who had not been heard from for years, near Lake Tanganyika in central Africa.

In 1938, Kate Smith first sang Irving Berlin’s ‘‘God Bless America’’ on her CBS radio program.

In 1951, customer-dialed long-distance telephone service began.

In 1954, the Marine Corps Memorial, depicting the raising of the American flag on Iwo Jima in 1945, was dedicated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in Arlington, Va.

In 1961, the satirical war novel ‘‘Catch-22’’ by Joseph Heller was first published by Simon Schuster.

In 1969, the children’s educational program ‘‘Sesame Street’’ made its debut on National Educational Television (later PBS).

In 1975, the ore-hauling ship SS Edmund Fitzgerald sank during a storm in Lake Superior with the loss of all 29 on board.

In 1982, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial was opened to its first visitors in Washington, D.C., three days before its dedication.

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