Wednesday, Nov. 28, is the 333d day of 2012. There are 33 days left in the year.
Today’s birthdays: Recording executive Berry Gordy Jr. is 83. Former senator Gary Hart (D-Colo.) is 76. Singer Randy Newman is 69. CBS News correspondent Susan Spencer is 66. ‘‘Late Show’’ orchestra leader Paul Shaffer is 63. Actor Ed Harris is 62. Former NASA teacher in space Barbara Morgan is 61. Former homeland security secretary Michael Chertoff is 59. Country singer Kristine Arnold (Sweethearts of the Rodeo) is 56. Actor Judd Nelson is 53. Comedian Jon Stewart is 50. Rhythm-and-blues singer Dawn Robinson is 44. Hip-hop musician apl.de.ap (Black Eyed Peas) is 38. Actress Aimee Garcia is 34. Rapper Chamillionaire is 33. Actor Daniel Henney is 33. Actress Mary Elizabeth Winstead is 28. R&B singer Trey Songz is 28.
In 1520, Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Pacific Ocean after passing through the South American strait that now bears his name.
In 1861, the Confederate Congress admitted Missouri as the 12th state of the Confederacy after Missouri’s secession from the Union.
In 1905, Sinn Fein was founded in Dublin.
In 1912, Albania proclaimed its independence from the Ottoman Empire.
In 1922, Captain Cyril Turner of the Royal Air Force gave the first public skywriting exhibition, spelling out, ‘‘Hello USA. Call Vanderbilt 7200’’ over New York’s Times Square; about 47,000 calls in less than three hours resulted.
In 1942, nearly 500 people died in a fire that destroyed the Cocoanut Grove nightclub in Boston.
In 1958, Chad, Gabon, and Middle Congo became autonomous republics within the French community.
In 1961, President Kennedy dedicated the original permanent headquarters of the Central Intelligence Agency in Langley, Va. Ernie Davis of Syracuse University became the first African-American to be named winner of the Heisman Trophy.
In 1964, the United States launched the space probe Mariner 4 on a course to Mars.
In 1979, an Air New Zealand DC-10 en route to the South Pole crashed into a mountain in Antarctica, killing all 257 people aboard.
In 1987, a South African Airways Boeing 747 crashed into the Indian Ocean with the loss of all 159 people aboard.
In 2007, O.J. Simpson pleaded not guilty in Las Vegas to charges of kidnapping and armed robbery stemming from a confrontation with sports memorabilia dealers. (Simpson and a co-defendant were later convicted.)