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This day in history

Saturday, Dec. 1, is the 336th day of 2012. There are 30 days left in the year.

Today’s birthdays: Former CIA director Stansfield Turner is 89. Singer Billy Paul is 78. Actor-director Woody Allen is 77. Golf Hall of Famer Lee Trevino is 73. Singer Dianne Lennon (The Lennon Sisters) is 73. Rock musician John Densmore (The Doors) is 68. Actress-singer Bette Midler is 67. Actor Treat Williams is 61. Model Carol Alt is 52. Comedian Sarah Silverman is 42.

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In 1824, the presidential election was turned over to the US House of Representatives when a deadlock developed between John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, William H. Crawford, and Henry Clay. (Adams ended up the winner.)

In 1860, the Charles Dickens novel ‘‘Great Expectations’’ was first published.

In 1862, President Lincoln sent his Second Annual Message to Congress, which was read aloud by the Secretary of the Senate. In it, Lincoln called for the abolition of slavery, saying that ‘‘in giving freedom to the slave, we assure freedom to the free,’’ and toward the end of his message, wrote: ‘‘Fellow-citizens, we cannot escape history. We of this Congress and this Administration will be remembered in spite of ourselves.’’

In 1955, Rosa Parks, a black seamstress, was arrested after refusing to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery, Ala., city bus; the incident sparked a yearlong boycott of the buses by blacks.

In 1969, the US government held its first draft lottery since World War II.

In 1973, David Ben-Gurion, Israel’s first prime minister, died in Tel Aviv at age 87.

In 1989, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev met with Pope John Paul II at the Vatican.

In 1992, in Mineola, N.Y., Amy Fisher was sentenced to 5 to 15 years in prison for shooting and seriously wounding Mary Jo Buttafuoco. (Fisher served seven years.)

In 2011, Bobby Valentine was named the 45th manager of the Red Sox. (He was fired after one season.)

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