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This day in history

Saturday, Feb. 9, is the 40th day of 2013. There are 325 days left in the year.

Today’s birthdays: Television journalist Roger Mudd is 85. Singer-songwriter Carole King is 71. Actor Joe Pesci is 70. Author Alice Walker is 69. Actress Mia Farrow is 68. Former Democratic National Chairman Terry McAuliffe is 56. Country singer Travis Tritt is 50. Olympic silver and bronze medal figure skater Irina Slutskaya is 34. Actor Jimmy Bennett is 17.

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In 1825, the House of Representatives elected John Quincy Adams president after no candidate received a majority of electoral votes.

In 1870, the US Weather Bureau was established.

In 1942, daylight-saving ‘‘War Time’’ went into effect in the United States, with clocks turned one hour forward.

In 1943, the World War II battle of Guadalcanal in the southwest Pacific ended with an Allied victory over Japanese forces.

In 1950, US Senator Joseph McCarthy (R-Wis.) charged the State Department was riddled with communists.

In 1964, the Beatles made their first live American US television appearance on ‘‘The Ed Sullivan Show,’’ broadcast from New York on CBS.

In 1971, a magnitude 6.6 earthquake in California’s San Fernando Valley claimed 65 lives. The crew of Apollo 14 returned to Earth after man’s third landing on the moon.

In 2002, Britain’s Princess Margaret, the high-spirited and unconventional sister of Queen Elizabeth II, died in London at age 71.

In 2012, President Barack Obama freed 10 states from some of the toughest requirements of the No Child Left Behind education law.

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