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This day in history

Wednesday, June 5, is the 156th day of 2013. There are 209 days left in the year.

Today’s birthdays: Broadcast journalist Bill Moyers is 79. Rock musician Fred Stone (a.k.a. Fred Stewart) (Sly and the Family Stone) is 67. Rock singer Laurie Anderson is 66. Author Ken Follett is 64. Dr. Jill Biden, wife of Vice President Joe Biden, is 62. Financial guru Suze Orman is 62. Jazz musician Kenny G is 57. Rock singer Richard Butler (Psychedelic Furs) is 57. Actor Jeff Garlin is 51. Actor Ron Livingston is 46. Singer Brian McKnight is 44. Actor Mark Wahlberg is 42. Actor Chad Allen is 39. Rock musician P-Nut (311) is 39. Actress Navi Rawat is 36. Actress Liza Weil is 36. Rock musician Pete Wentz (Fall Out Boy) is 34. Rock musician Seb Lefebvre (Simple Plan) is 32. Actress Amanda Crew is 27.

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In 1794, Congress passed the Neutrality Act, which prohibited Americans from taking part in any military action against a country that was at peace with the United States.

In 1884, Civil War hero General William T. Sherman refused the Republican presidential nomination, saying, ‘‘I will not accept if nominated and will not serve if elected.’’

In 1916, the Arab Revolt against Turkish Ottoman rule began during World War I.

In 1933, the United States went off the gold standard.

In 1940, during the World War II Battle of France, Germany attacked French forces along the Somme line.

In 1947, Secretary of State George C. Marshall gave a speech at Harvard University in which he outlined an aid program for Europe that came to be known as the Marshall Plan.

In 1950, the US Supreme Court, in Henderson v. United States, struck down racially segregated railroad dining cars.

In 1963, Britain’s Secretary of State for War, John Profumo, resigned after acknowledging an affair with a call girl, Christine Keeler (who was also involved with a Soviet spy), and lying to Parliament; while there was no finding of a security breach, the scandal helped bring down the Conservative government of PM Harold Macmillan.

In 1967, war erupted in the Mideast as Israel raided military aircraft on the ground in Egypt; Syria, Jordan, and Iraq entered the conflict.

In 1968, Senator Robert F. Kennedy was assassinated in Los Angeles’s Ambassador Hotel after claiming victory in California’s Democratic presidential primary. Gunman Sirhan Bishara Sirhan was immediately arrested.

In 1976, 14 people were killed when the Teton Dam in Idaho burst.

In 1993, country star Conway Twitty died in Springfield, Mo., at age 59.

In 2004, Ronald Wilson Reagan, the 40th president, died in Los Angeles at age 93 after a long struggle with Alzheimer’s disease.

In 2008, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the reputed mastermind of the Sept. 11 attacks, told a military judge at his arraignment he welcomed the death penalty as a way to martyrdom.

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