Friday, June 28, is the 179th day of 2013. There are 186 days left in the year.
Today’s birthdays: Comedian-director Mel Brooks is 87. Senate Armed Services Chairman Carl Levin (D-Mich.) is 79. Comedian John Byner is 76. Former Defense Secretary Leon Panetta is 75. Actor Bruce Davison is 67. Actress Kathy Bates is 65. Actress Alice Krige is 59. College and Pro Football Hall of Famer John Elway is 53. Actress Mary Stuart Masterson is 47. Actor John Cusack is 47. Actor Alessandro Nivola is 41. Country singer Kellie Pickler is 27.
In 1836, the fourth president of the United States, James Madison, died in Montpelier, Va.
In 1838, Britain’s Queen Victoria was crowned in Westminster Abbey.
In 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Sophie, were assassinated in Sarajevo by Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip — the event which sparked World War I.
In 1919, the Treaty of Versailles was signed in France, ending the First World War.
In 1922, the Irish Civil War began between rival nationalists over the Anglo-Irish Treaty establishing the Irish Free State. (It lasted nearly a year, resulting in defeat for anti-treaty forces.)
In 1944, the Republican National Convention in Chicago nominated New York Governor Thomas E. Dewey for president.
In 1950, North Korean forces captured Seoul, the capital of South Korea.
In 1978, the Supreme Court ordered the University of California-Davis Medical School to admit Allan Bakke, a white man who argued that he’d been a victim of reverse racial discrimination.
In 2000, seven months after he was cast adrift in the Florida Straits, Elian Gonzalez was returned to his native Cuba.
In 2012, America’s historic health care overhaul narrowly survived, 5-4, an election-year battle at the US Supreme Court with the improbable help of conservative Chief Justice John Roberts.