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This day in history

Wednesday, July 10, is the 191st day of 2013. There are 174 days left in the year.

Today’s birthdays: Former boxer Jake LaMotta is 92. Writer-producer Earl Hamner Jr. is 90. Former New York mayor David N. Dinkins is 86. Broadway composer Jerry Herman is 82. Actor Lawrence Pressman is 74. Singer Mavis Staples is 74. Rock musician Jerry Miller (Moby Grape) is 70. Tennis Hall of Famer Virginia Wade is 68. Actor Ron Glass is 68. Actress Sue Lyon is 67. Folk singer Arlo Guthrie is 66. Rock singer Neil Tennant (Pet Shop Boys) is 59. Banjo player Bela Fleck is 55. Rock musician Peter DiStefano (Porno for Pyros) is 48. Country singer Gary LeVox (Rascal Flatts) is 43. Actress Sofia Vergara is 41. Rockabilly singer Imelda May is 39. Actor Adrian Grenier is 37. Actor Thomas Ian Nicholas is 33. Singer-actress Jessica Simpson is 33.

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In 1509, theologian John Calvin, a key figure of the Protestant Reformation, was born in Noyon, Picardy, France.

In 1890, Wyoming became the 44th state.

In 1913, the highest recorded shade temperature was measured in Death Valley, Calif., at 134 degrees Fahrenheit (56.7 degrees Celsius). (Previously, the highest recorded shade temperature, 136.4 degrees Fahrenheit, was said to have occurred in 1922 in present-day Libya, but the accuracy of that reading was disputed in 2012 by the World Meteorological Organization.)

In 1919, President Wilson personally delivered the Treaty of Versailles to the Senate, and urged its ratification. (However, the Senate rejected it.)

In 1925, jury selection took place in Dayton, Tenn., in the trial of John T. Scopes, charged with violating the law by teaching Darwin’s theory of evolution. (Scopes was convicted and fined, but the verdict was overturned on a technicality.)

In 1940, the Battle of Britain began as Nazi forces began attacking southern England by air.

In 1951, armistice talks aimed at ending the Korean War began at Kaesong.

In 1962, AT&T’s Telstar 1 communications satellite, capable of relaying television signals and telephone calls, was launched by NASA.

In 1973, John Paul Getty III, the teenage grandson of the oil tycoon, was abducted in Rome by kidnappers who cut off his ear when his family was slow to meet their ransom demands; young Getty was finally released in December 1973 in exchange for nearly $3 million.

In 1985, the Greenpeace protest ship Rainbow Warrior was sunk with explosives in Auckland, New Zealand, by French intelligence agents; one activist was killed. Bowing to pressure from irate customers, the Coca-Cola Co. said it would resume selling old-formula Coke, while continuing to sell New Coke.

In 1991, Boris N. Yeltsin took the oath of office as the first elected president of the Russian republic. President George H.W. Bush lifted economic sanctions against South Africa.

In 2008, President George W. Bush signed a bill overhauling rules about government eavesdropping and granting immunity to telecommunications companies that helped the United States spy on Americans in suspected terrorism cases. The Senate handily confirmed General David Petraeus as the top commander in the Middle East.

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