Friday, July 12, is the 193d day of 2013. There are 172 days left in the year.
Today’s birthdays: Comedian Bill Cosby is 76. Singer Christine McVie is 70. Fitness guru Richard Simmons is 65. Writer-producer Brian Grazer is 62. Actress Cheryl Ladd is 62. Rock singer Robin Wilson (Gin Blossoms) is 48. Gold medal figure skater Kristi Yamaguchi is 42. Actress Anna Friel is 37. Actor Topher Grace is 35. Actress Michelle Rodriguez is 35. Country singer-musician Kimberly Perry (The Band Perry) is 30. Gold medal gymnast Jordyn Wieber is 18.
In 1543, England’s King Henry VIII married his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr.
In 1862, President Lincoln signed a bill authorizing the Medal of Honor.
In 1909, the House of Representatives joined the Senate in passing the 16th Amendment to the US Constitution, allowing for a federal income tax, and submitted it to the states. (It was declared ratified in February 1913.)
In 1967, six days of race-related rioting erupted in Newark, N.J.; the violence claimed 26 lives.
In 1984, Democratic presidential candidate Walter Mondale chose US Representative Geraldine Ferraro of New York to be his running mate; Ferraro was the first woman to run for vice president on a major-party ticket.
In 1988, Democratic presidential candidate Michael Dukakis tapped Senator Lloyd Bentsen of Texas as his running mate.
In 1993, some 200 people were killed when an earthquake of magnitude 7.8 struck northern Japan and triggered a tsunami.