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This day in history

Tuesday, July 16, is the 197th day of 2013. There are 168 days left in the year.

Today’s birthdays: Former attorney general Dick Thornburgh is 81. Tennis Hall of Famer Margaret Court is 71. Violinist Pinchas Zukerman is 65. Actor-singer Ruben Blades is 65. Rock composer-musician Stewart Copeland is 61. Playwright Tony Kushner is 57. Dancer Michael Flatley is 55. Actress Phoebe Cates is 50. Actor-comedian Will Ferrell is 46. College and Pro Football Hall of Famer Barry Sanders is 45. Actor Corey Feldman is 42.

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In 1790, a site along the Potomac River was designated the permanent seat of the US government; the area became Washington, D.C.

In 1945, the United States exploded its first experimental atomic bomb in the desert of Alamogordo, N.M.

In 1969, Apollo 11 blasted off from Cape Kennedy on the first manned mission to the moon.

In 1973, during the Senate Watergate hearings, former White House aide Alexander P. Butterfield publicly revealed the existence of President Nixon’s secret taping system.

In 1980, former California governor Ronald Reagan won the Republican presidential nomination at the party’s convention in Detroit.

In 1999, John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife, Carolyn, and her sister, Lauren Bessette, died when their single-engine plane, piloted by Kennedy, plunged into the ocean near Martha’s Vineyard.

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