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This day in history

Tuesday, Aug. 13, is the 225th day of 2013. There are 140 days left in the year.

Today’s birthdays: Former Cuban President Fidel Castro is 87. Former US Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders is 80. Opera singer Kathleen Battle is 65. Hockey Hall of Famer Bobby Clarke is 64. Movie director Paul Greengrass is 58. Actor Danny Bonaduce is 54. Actress Dawnn Lewis is 52. Actor John Slattery is 51. Actress Debi Mazar is 49. Actress Quinn Cummings is 46. Actress Seana Kofoed is 43. Country singer Andy Griggs is 40. Country musician Mike Melancon (Emerson Drive) is 35. Actress Kathryn Fiore is 34. Pop-rock singer James Morrison is 29. Actress Lennon Stella (‘‘Nashville”) is 14.

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In 1846, the American flag was raised for the first time in Los Angeles.

In 1910, Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing, died in London at age 90.

In 1913, British metallurgist Harry Brearley developed an alloy that came to be known as ‘‘stainless steel.’’

In 1942, Walt Disney’s animated feature ‘‘Bambi’’ had its US premiere at Radio City Music Hall in New York, five days after its world premiere in London.

In 1961, East Germany sealed off the border between Berlin’s eastern and western sectors and began building a wall that would stand for the next 28 years.

In 2008, a man barged into the Arkansas Democratic headquarters in Little Rock and opened fire, killing state party chairman Bill Gwatney before speeding off in a pickup. (Police later shot and killed the gunman, Timothy Dale Johnson.)

In 2012, the Red Sox star and unofficial goodwill ambassador, Johnny Pesky, died at age 92.

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