Friday, Aug. 23, is the 235th day of 2013. There are 130 days left in the year.
Today’s birthdays: Actress Barbara Eden is 82. Pro Football Hall of Famer Sonny Jurgensen is 79. Actress Shelley Long is 64. Actor-singer Rick Springfield is 64. Former Red Sox pitcher Mike Boddicker is 56. Actor Jay Mohr is 43. NBA player Kobe Bryant is 35. NBA player Jeremy Lin is 25.
In 1775, Britain’s King George III proclaimed the American colonies to be in a state of ‘‘open and avowed rebellion.’’
In 1914, Japan declared war against Germany in World War I.
In 1927, amid protests, Italian-born anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were executed in Boston for the murders of two men during a 1920 robbery.
In 2003, former priest John Geoghan, the convicted child molester whose prosecution sparked the sex abuse scandal that shook the Roman Catholic Church nationwide, died after another inmate attacked him in a Massachusetts prison.