This day in history

Wednesday, Sept. 11, is the 254th day of 2013. There are 111 days left in the year.

Today’s birthdays: Actress Betsy Drake is 90. Senator Daniel Akaka (D-Hawaii) is 89. Actor Earl Holliman is 85. Movie director Brian De Palma is 73. Rock singer-musician Jack Ely (The Kingsmen) is 70. Rock musician Mickey Hart (The Dead) is 70. Singer-musician Leo Kottke is 68. Actress Amy Madigan is 63. Rock singer-musician Tommy Shaw (Styx) is 60. Sports reporter Lesley Visser is 60. Singer-songwriter Diane Warren is 57. Actor John Hawkes is 54. Actress Virginia Madsen is 52. Actress Kristy McNichol is 51. Musician-composer Moby is 48. Business reporter Maria Bartiromo is 46. Singer Harry Connick Jr. is 46. Actress Taraji P. Henson is 43. Blogger Markos Moulitsas is 42. Rapper Ludacris is 36. Rock singer Ben Lee is 35. Country singer Charles Kelley (Lady Antebellum) is 32.

In 1777, forces under General George Washington were defeated by the British in the Battle of Brandywine.


In 1814, an American fleet scored a decisive victory over the British in the Battle of Lake Champlain in the War of 1812.

Get The Weekender in your inbox:
The Globe's top picks for what to see and do each weekend, in Boston and beyond.
Thank you for signing up! Sign up for more newsletters here

In 1857, the Mountain Meadows Massacre took place in present-day southern Utah as a 120-member Arkansas immigrant party was slaughtered by Mormon militiamen aided by Paiute Indians.

In 1922, the British Mandate for Palestine went into effect.

In 1936, Boulder Dam (now Hoover Dam) began operation as President Franklin D. Roose-velt pressed a key in Washington to signal startup of the dam’s first hydroelectric generator.

In 1941, groundbreaking took place for the Pentagon. In a speech that drew accusations of anti-Semitism, Charles Lindbergh told an America First rally in Des Moines that ‘‘the British, the Jewish, and the Roosevelt administration’’ were pushing the United States toward war.


In 1954, the Miss America pageant made its network TV debut on ABC; Miss California, Lee Meriwether, was crowned the winner.

In 1962, the Beatles completed their first single for EMI, ‘‘Love Me Do’’ and ‘‘P.S. I Love You,’’ at EMI studios in London.

In 1971, former Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev died at 77.

In 1972, the deadly Munich Summer Olympics ended.

In 1973, Chilean President Salvador Allende died during a violent military coup.


In 1989, the exodus of East German refugees from Hungary to West Germany began.

In 2001, the United States faced its worst day of terrorism. Nearly 3,000 people were killed as 19 Al Qaeda members hijacked four passenger jetliners. Two planes smashed into New York’s World Trade Center, causing the twin towers to fall; one plowed into the Pentagon; the fourth was crashed into a field in Pennsylvania.

In 2003, Israel issued an ominous threat to ‘‘remove’’ Yasser Arafat for failing to halt suicide bombings. Swedish Foreign Minister Anna Lindh died from stab wounds inflicted when she was attacked in a Stockholm store a day earlier.

In 2012, a mob armed with guns and grenades launched a fiery nightlong attack on a US diplomatic outpost in Benghazi, Libya, killing US Ambassador Chris Stevens and three other Americans.