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This day in history

Monday, Nov. 4, is the 308th day of 2013. There are 57 days left in the year.

Today’s birthdays: Actress Doris Roberts is 83. Actress Loretta Swit is 76. Former first lady Laura Bush is 67. Actress-comedian Kathy Griffin is 53. Actor Ralph Macchio is 52. Actor Matthew McConaughey is 44. Rapper-producer Sean ‘‘Puffy’’ Combs is 44. Actress Gillian Zinser (‘‘90210”) is 28.

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In 1862, inventor Richard J. Gatling received a US patent for his rapid-fire Gatling gun.

In 1884, Democrat Grover Cleveland was elected to his first term as president, defeating Republican James G. Blaine.

In 1952, Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected president, defeating Democrat Adlai Stevenson.

In 1979, the Iran hostage crisis began as militants stormed the United States Embassy in Tehran, seizing its occupants; for some, it was the start of 444 days of captivity.

In 1980, Ronald Reagan won the White House as he defeated President Carter.

In 1995, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated by a right-wing Israeli minutes after attending a festive peace rally.

In 2008, Democrat Barack Obama was elected the first black president of the United States, defeating Republican John McCain.

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