Wednesday, Nov. 13, is the 317th day of 2013. There are 48 days left in the year.
Wednesday’s birthdays: Actress Madeleine Sherwood is 91. Journalist Peter Arnett is 79. Producer-director Garry Marshall is 79. Actor Jimmy Hawkins is 72. Country singer-songwriter Ray Wylie Hubbard is 67. Actor Joe Mantegna is 66. Actress Frances Conroy is 60. Musician Andrew Ranken (the Pogues) is 60. Actress Tracy Scoggins is 60. Actor Chris Noth is 59. Actress-comedian Whoopi Goldberg is 58. Actor Rex Linn is 57. Actress Caroline Goodall is 54. Actor Neil Flynn is 53. Former NFL quarterback Vinny Testaverde is 50. Rock musician Walter Kibby (Fishbone) is 49. Comedian Jimmy Kimmel is 46. Actor Steve Zahn is 46. Actor Gerard Butler is 44. Writer-activist Ayaan Hirsi Ali is 44. Actor Jordan Bridges is 40. Actress Aisha Hinds is 38. Rock musician Nikolai Fraiture is 35. NBA player Metta World Peace (formerly Ron Artest) is 34. Actress Monique Coleman is 33.
In 1312, England’s King Edward III was born at Windsor Castle.
In 1789, Benjamin Franklin wrote in a letter to a friend, Jean-Baptiste Leroy: ‘‘In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes.’’
In 1849, voters in California ratified the state’s original constitution.
In 1909, 259 men and boys were killed when fire erupted inside a coal mine in Cherry, Ill.
In 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a measure lowering the minimum draft age from 21 to 18.
In 1956, the US Supreme Court struck down laws calling for racial segregation on public city and state buses.
In 1969, speaking in Des Moines, Vice President Spiro T. Agnew accused network television news departments of bias and distortion, and urged viewers to lodge complaints.
In 1971, the US space probe Mariner 9 went into orbit around Mars.
In 1974, Karen Silkwood, a technician and union activist at the Kerr-McGee Cimarron plutonium plant near Crescent, Okla., died in a car crash while on her way to meet a reporter.
In 1982, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, designed by Maya Lin, was dedicated on the National Mall in Washington, D.C.
In 1985, some 23,000 residents of Armero, Colombia, died when a volcanic mudslide buried the city.
In 2003, Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore, who had refused to remove his granite Ten Commandments monument from the state courthouse, was thrown off the bench by a judicial ethics panel for having ‘‘placed himself above the law.’’
In 2008, a wind-driven fire erupted in Southern California; the blaze destroyed more than 200 homes in Santa Barbara and neighboring Montecito. Investors did an abrupt turnaround on Wall Street, muscling the Dow Jones industrial average up more than 550 points after three straight days of selling.
In 2012, the Pentagon said it was looking into more than 20,000 pages of documents and e-mails between Marine General John Allen and Florida socialite Jill Kelley. (Kelly had reportedly received threatening e-mails from Paula Broadwell, the biographer who had an affair with General David Petraeus.)