Wednesday, March 12, is the 71st day of 2014. There are 294 days left in the year.
Birthdays: Playwright Edward Albee is 86. Politician, diplomat and civil rights activist Andrew Young is 82. Actress Barbara Feldon is 81. Singer Al Jarreau is 74. Actress-singer Liza Minnelli is 68. Former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney is 67. Singer-songwriter James Taylor is 66. Actor Jon Provost (“Lassie”) is 64. Author Carl Hiaasen is 61. Singer Marlon Jackson (the Jackson Five) is 57. Former MLB All-Star Darryl Strawberry is 52. Actress Julia Campbell is 51. Actor Aaron Eckhart is 46. CNN reporter Jake Tapper is 45. Rock musician Graham Coxon is 45. Country musician Tommy Bales (Flynnville Train) is 41. Country singer Holly Williams is 33. Actor Jaimie Alexander is 30.
In 1664, England’s King Charles II granted an area of land on the East Coast of present-day North America known as New Netherland to his brother James, the Duke of York.
In 1864, Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant assumed command as General-in-Chief of the Union armies in the Civil War.
In 1912, the Girl Scouts of the USA had its beginnings as Juliette Gordon Low of Savannah, Ga., founded the first American troop of the Girl Guides.
In 1914, American inventor George Westinghouse died in New York at age 67.
In 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivered the first of his 30 radio addresses that came to be known as ‘‘fireside chats,’’ telling Americans what was being done to deal with the nation’s economic crisis.
In 1934, a 6.6 magnitude earthquake shook much of northern Utah along with parts of Idaho, Montana, Nevada, and Wyoming.
In 1938, the Anschluss merging Austria with Nazi Germany took place as German forces crossed the border between the two countries.
In 1939, Pope Pius XII was formally crowned in ceremonies at the Vatican.
In 1951, ‘‘Dennis the Menace,’’ created by cartoonist Hank Ketcham, made its syndicated debut in 16 newspapers.
In 1968, President Lyndon B. Johnson won the New Hampshire Democratic primary, but Senator Eugene McCarthy of Minnesota placed a strong second.
In 1989, some 2,500 veterans and supporters marched at the Art Institute of Chicago to demand that officials remove an American flag placed on the floor as part of a student’s exhibit.
In 1994, the Church of England ordained its first women priests.
In 2003, Elizabeth Smart, the 15-year-old girl who’d vanished from her bedroom nine months earlier, was found alive in a Salt Lake City suburb with two drifters, Brian David Mitchell and Wanda Barzee, who are serving prison terms for kidnapping her.
In 2004, Marcus Wesson, the domineering patriarch of a cultlike clan he’d bred through incest, surrendered to police who found the bodies of nine of his offspring, all but one minors, at their home in Fresno, Calif. (Wesson was later convicted of first-degree murder and sentenced to death.)
In 2009, disgraced financier Bernard Madoff pleaded guilty in New York to pulling off perhaps the biggest swindle in Wall Street history. The Iraqi journalist who’d thrown his shoes at President George W. Bush received a three-year sentence. (Muntadhar al-Zeidi ended up serving nine months.)