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This day in history

Tuesday, Aug. 19, is the 231st day of 2014. There are 134 days left in the year.

Birthdays: Actress Jill St. John is 74. Actor and former US Senator Fred Thompson is 72. Former President Bill Clinton is 68. Tipper Gore, wife of former Vice President Al Gore, is 66. Actor-director Jonathan Frakes is 62. Political consultant Mary Matalin is 61. Actor Peter Gallagher is 59. Actor Adam Arkin is 58. Actor John Stamos is 51. Actress Kyra Sedgwick is 49. Actor Kevin Dillon is 49. Country singer Lee Ann Womack is 48. Actor Matthew Perry is 45.

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In 14, Caesar Augustus, Rome’s first emperor, died at age 76 after a reign lasting four decades; he was succeeded by his stepson Tiberius.

In 1812, the USS Constitution defeated the British frigate HMS Guerriere off Nova Scotia during the War of 1812, earning the nickname ‘‘Old Ironsides.’’

In 1814, during the War of 1812, British forces landed at Benedict, Md., with the objective of capturing Washington, D.C.

In 1934, a plebiscite in Germany approved the vesting of sole executive power in Adolf Hitler.

In 1964, The Beatles opened their first full-fledged US tour at San Francisco’s Cow Palace.

In 1976, President Ford won the Republican presidential nomination at the party’s convention in Kansas City.

In 1991, Soviet hard-liners made the stunning announcement that President Gorbachev had been removed from power. (The coup attempt collapsed two days later.)

In 2004, Carly Patterson won gymnastics’ premier event at the Olympics in Athens, becoming the first US woman to win the all-around title since Mary Lou Retton in 1984.

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