Laparoscopic surgery, also referred to as minimally invasive surgery, is an alternative to traditional open surgery in the abdominal and pelvic cavities. Instead of one large incision, the procedure uses very short incisions, through which tubular instruments called trochars are inserted. Carbon dioxide gas is pumped in to inflate the cavity and allow surgeons to see and maneuver in the space. Other trochars are used to insert a special camera called a laparascope and to insert and manipulate narrow surgical instruments.
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