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The Boston Globe

This day in history

This day in history

Saturday, Oct. 13, is the 287th day of 2012. There are 79 days left in the year.

Today’s birthdays: Former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher is 87. Singer Paul Simon is 71. Singer Sammy Hagar is 65. Singer Marie Osmond is 53. Celtics coach Doc Rivers is 51. College and Pro Football Hall of Famer Jerry Rice is 50. Actress Kelly Preston is 50. Actress Kate Walsh is 45. Silver-medal figure skater Nancy Kerrigan is 43. Actor Sacha Baron Cohen is 41. Celtics forward Paul Pierce is 35.

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In 54, Roman Emperor Claudius I died, poisoned apparently at the behest of his wife, Agrippina.

In 1775, the United States Navy had its origins as the Continental Congress ordered the construction of a naval fleet.

In 1792, the cornerstone of the executive mansion, later known as the White House, was laid during a ceremony in the District of Columbia.

In 1843, the Jewish organization B’nai B’rith was founded in New York City.

In 1972, a Uruguayan chartered flight carrying 45 people crashed in the Andes; 16 survivors who resorted to feeding off the remains of some of the dead in order to stay alive were rescued more than two months later.

In 2010, rescuers in Chile using a missile-like escape capsule pulled 33 men one by one to fresh air and freedom 69 days after they were trapped in a collapsed mine a half-mile underground.

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