Friday, Oct. 19, is the 293d day of 2012. There are 73 days left in the year.
Today’s birthdays: Author John le Carre is 81. Artist Peter Max is 75. Actor Michael Gambon is 72. Actor John Lithgow is 67. Feminist activist Patricia Ireland is 67. Singer Jennifer Holliday is 52. Boxer Evander Holyfield is 50. TV host Ty Pennington is 48. Actor-director Jon Favreau is 46. ‘‘South Park’’ co-creator Trey Parker is 43. Writer-director Jason Reitman is 35.
In 1781, British troops under General Lord Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown, Va., as the American Revolution neared its end.
In 1812, French forces under Napoleon Bonaparte began their retreat from Moscow.
In 1936, H.R. Ekins of the New York World-Telegram beat out Dorothy Kilgallen of the New York Journal and Leo Kieran of The New York Times in a round-the-world race on commercial flights that lasted 18½ days.
In 1982, automaker John Z. DeLorean was arrested by federal agents in Los Angeles, accused of conspiring to sell $24 million of cocaine to salvage his business. (DeLorean was acquitted at trial on grounds of entrapment.)
In 1987, the stock market crashed as the Dow Jones Industrial Average plunged 508 points, or 22.6 percent in value, to close at 1,738.74.
In 1994, 22 people were killed as a terrorist bomb shattered a bus in the heart of Tel Aviv’s shopping district.