Wednesday, Nov. 7, is the 312th day of 2012. There are 54 days left in the year.
Today’s birthdays: Evangelist Billy Graham is 94. Actor Barry Newman is 74. Singer Johnny Rivers is 70. Singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell is 69. CIA Director David Petraeus is 60. Actor Christopher Knight (“The Brady Bunch”) is 55. Actors Jeremy and Jason London are 40.
In 1811, US forces led by Indiana Territory Governor William Henry Harrison defeated warriors from Tecumseh’s Confederacy in the Battle of Tippecanoe.
In 1861, former US President John Tyler was elected to the Confederate House of Representatives (Tyler died before he could take his seat).
In 1862, during the Civil War, President Lincoln replaced Major General George B. McClellan as commander of the Army of the Potomac with Major General Ambrose Burnside.
In 1912, black boxing champion Jack Johnson was indicted in Chicago for allegedly violating the Mann Act with a white woman, Belle Schreiber. (Johnson was convicted and sentenced to a year in prison; he fled the US, later returning to serve his term.)
In 1916, Republican Jeannette Rankin of Montana became the first woman elected to Congress.
In 1917, Russia’s Bolshevik Revolution took place as forces led by Vladimir Ilyich Lenin overthrew the provisional government of Alexander Kerensky.
In 1940, Washington state’s original Tacoma Narrows Bridge, nicknamed ‘‘Galloping Gertie,’’ collapsed into Puget Sound during a windstorm.
In 1944, President Franklin D. Roosevelt won an unprecedented fourth term in office.
In 1962, Republican Richard Nixon, having lost California’s gubernatorial race, held what he called his ‘‘last press conference,’’ telling reporters, ‘‘You won’t have Nixon to kick around anymore.’’ Former first lady Eleanor Roosevelt, 78, died in New York City.
In 1973, Congress overrode President Nixon’s veto of the War Powers Act, which limits a chief executive’s power to wage war without congressional approval.
In 1980, actor Steve McQueen died in Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, Mexico, at age 50.
In 2011, a jury in Los Angeles convicted Michael Jackson’s doctor, Conrad Murray, of involuntary manslaughter for supplying a powerful anesthetic implicated in the entertainer’s 2009 death (he was sentenced to four years in jail). Former heavyweight champion boxer Joe Frazier died in Philadelphia at age 67.