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This day in history

Wednesday, Jan. 23, is the 23d day of 2013. There are 342 days left in the year.

Today’s birthdays: Actress Jeanne Moreau is 85. Actress Chita Rivera is 80. Actor-director Lou Antonio is 79. Actor Gil Gerard is 70. Actor Rutger Hauer is 69. Singer Jerry Lawson (the Persuasions) is 69. Singer Anita Pointer is 65. Actor Richard Dean Anderson is 63. Rock musician Bill Cunningham is 63. Rock singer Robin Zander (Cheap Trick) is 60. Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa is 60. Princess Caroline of Monaco is 56. Singer Anita Baker is 55. Reggae musician Earl Falconer (UB40) is 54. Actress Gail O’Grady is 50. Actress Mariska Hargitay is 49. Rhythm-and-blues singer Marc Nelson is 42. Actress Tiffani Thiessen is 39. Rock musician Nick Harmer (Death Cab for Cutie) is 38. Christian rock musician Nick DePartee (Kutless) is 28. Singer-actress Rachel Crow is 15.

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In 1789, Georgetown University was established in present-day Washington, D.C.

In 1845, Congress decided all national elections would be held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November.

In 1932, New York Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.

In 1933, the 20th Amendment to the US Constitution, the so-called ‘‘Lame Duck Amendment,’’ was ratified as Missouri approved it.

In 1937, seventeen people went on trial in Moscow during Josef Stalin’s ‘‘Great Purge.’’ (All were convicted of conspiracy; all but four were executed.)

In 1943, critic Alexander Woollcott suffered a fatal heart attack during a live broadcast of the CBS radio program ‘‘People’s Platform.’’

In 1950, the Israeli Knesset approved a resolution affirming Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.

In 1960, the US Navy-operated bathyscaphe Trieste carried two men to the deepest known point in the Pacific Ocean, reaching a depth of more than 35,000 feet.

In 1964, the 24th Amendment to the Constitution, eliminating the poll tax in federal elections, was ratified.

In 1968, North Korea seized the Navy intelligence ship USS Pueblo, charging its crew with spying. (The crew was released 11 months later.)

In 1973, President Nixon announced an accord had been reached to end the Vietnam War and would be formally signed four days later in Paris.

In 1977, the TV miniseries ‘‘Roots,’’ based on the Alex Haley novel, began airing on ABC.

In 1985, debate in Britain’s House of Lords was carried on live television for the first time.

In 2008, tens of thousands of Palestinians poured into Egypt from Gaza after Palestinian militants used land mines to breach a barrier dividing the border town of Rafah.

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