GREAT WHITE SHARK
Maximum size 20 feet
Reproductive age 17 years
Longevity 30 years
Status as threatened species Vulnerable
Source: International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (All figures are estimates)
REDUCE YOUR CHANCES OF AN ENCOUNTER
The Cape Cod National Seashore recommends these steps to avoid sharks:
> Do not swim near seals.
> Swim close to shore, where your feet can touch bottom.
> Swim, paddle, kayak, and surf in groups.
> Do not swim alone in the ocean at dawn or dusk.
> Limit splashing and do not wear shiny jewelry.
SHARK BITE: WHAT TO DO
“If one is attacked by a shark, we advise a proactive response. Hitting a shark on the nose, ideally with an inanimate object, usually results in the shark temporarily curtailing its attack. . . . If a shark actually bites, we suggest clawing at its eyes and gills, two sensitive areas. One should not act passively if under attack — sharks respect size and power.”
UNPROVOKED SHARK ATTACKS
Against humans in the United States in 2012