This article is from the Boston Globe archives. It was originally published Sunday, May 4, 2003.
The 911 call came in to Boston police at 9:22 p.m. “There’s a little girl shot on Humboldt Ave!” Screams and shrieks swirled in the background as the woman caller continued: “Oh God! Oh, the little girl on the ground, shot!”
It was Aug. 19, 1988, a sultry night in the Grove Hall section of Roxbury. The girl on the ground was Darlene Tiffany Moore, a 12-year-old who moments before was perched on a mailbox, talking with friends. Blood poured from three bullet wounds. One - to the head - was the wound a medical examiner termed “incompatible with life.”
An unintended victim of street gang vengeance, Tiffany Moore became an instant symbol of the drug-fueled lawlessness then rocking the city. Police launched a massive search for the Halloween-masked killers. Officials sought to calm a public crying out for an arrest and panicked by the soaring murder rate. Some in the community called for the deployment of the National Guard.
Two tense weeks later justice was apparently in hand. Shawn Drumgold, then 22, and a second man were charged with killing the girl. In their trial 14 months later, only Drumgold was convicted. Guilty of first-degree murder, he was sentenced to life without parole, an outcome confirmed on appeal by the state’s highest court in 1996.
But a Globe investigation has found a prosecution marred by faulty assumptions, questionable tactics, and possible wrongdoing at each stage of the high-profile case: the initial homicide investigation, the indictment, and, finally, the trial. Shawn Drumgold was no innocent - a street-corner drug dealer who had shot and been shot at, he surely fit the profile of a possible suspect. But the Globe review suggests strongly that Drumgold, who has protested his innocence from the day of his arrest, was not the killer.
In recent interviews, two witnesses recanted statements and testimony used to convict Drumgold, saying authorities bullied them into providing incriminating evidence. They and other witnesses described a pattern of intimidation by police intent on building a case against Drumgold. The Globe also located neighborhood residents who said they were frightened to testify in 1989 but will now come forward to support the alibi Drumgold offered detectives days after the murder - that he was several blocks away on Sonoma Street when Moore was shot.
Moreover, the Globe found that one key prosecution witness faced a raft of criminal charges that evaporated soon after he testified, while another witness who said she saw Drumgold leaving the scene of the murder - testimony by all accounts critical to Drumgold’s conviction - was suffering from a deadly brain cancer. Her condition, which can affect perception and memory, was not revealed to the defense or jury.
In the age of DNA, guilt or innocence is sometimes established by conclusive genetic evidence. Most successful prosecutions don’t work that way, but are built fact upon fact, brick by brick, leading to a finding of guilt. Drumgold’s conviction now appears to have been built largely on sand.
Trial prosecutor Philip T. Beauchesne, now retired, recalled being surprised by the 1989 verdict. The evidence against Drumgold was “weak,” he said in a recent interview, and while he has not second-guessed the jury or doubted Drumgold’s guilt, he said, “If I was wrong . . . If it was not Drumgold, then definitely the mistake should be corrected. The system is not perfect.” Police and other prosecutors declined to comment.
Fifteen years after a young girl’s death, Drumgold’s case continues to gnaw at some in the criminal justice system, causing “an uneasiness with police and assistant district attorneys who know the history of it,” said one police investigator who worked in Roxbury at the time and requested anonymity, citing fear of reprisals within the department. “Number one, because of the age of the victim. Number two, because the person convicted of the killing is the wrong person. This is a real tragedy. There’s been no justice either way.”
Murder on ‘Heroin Alley’
In 1988, Humboldt Avenue was the focal point of Roxbury’s drug trade - “heroin alley,” some called it. The stretch along the broad avenue near Homestead Street was scarred by burned-out homes, empty lots, and broken-down cars. The dominant street culture revolved around cash, clothes, and cocaine.
Rampant drug use - especially crack - was behind a frightening rise in crime. The 95 homicides in 1988 in Boston would skyrocket to 152 by 1990. Gangs flourished, often adopting the name of their home street. There was Castlegate, for example, operating from the short, narrow street off Blue Hill Avenue, just north of Franklin Park. Or there was the gang on Humboldt itself. Both were widely feared, especially Humboldt. “Humboldt was a bulldozer at that time. You kill their dog, they kill your family,” a Boston police investigator said.
Shawn Drumgold was living that summer on Humboldt Avenue with his girlfriend and their baby daughter. His apartment was above a store at the intersection of Humboldt and Homestead, a popular gathering spot for neighborhood teens. Drumgold’s mother, sister, and other siblings lived about a block away. Drumgold had only been back in Boston a few months, having just completed a jail term in March for possession of cocaine. He soon picked up where he left off - using and dealing drugs. “I used it mostly for a sexual thing, for pleasure,” he said in a recent prison interview. Drumgold was usually seen hanging around and doing business with two friends, Terrance “Lug” Taylor and Antonio “Country” Anthony. All had criminal records.
The Friday night of Aug. 19 was supposed to be the last night of young Tiffany Moore’s two-week visit with her mother before returning to South Carolina. She was staying with relatives in the South to get her away from Boston’s mounting street troubles. The girl was on the corner of Humboldt and Homestead at twilight with a dozen or so teenagers. Moore sat atop the blue mailbox, her back to a fenced-in Boston Edison substation. Seated next to her was one of the Humboldt gang leaders.
Vantrell “Trell” McPherson was standing next to Moore. Looking over her shoulder, the 14-year-old saw two or three masked men running toward them across the small grassy Edison lot. “I screamed and I started pushing someone in front of me to get out of the way and then all these shots were fired,” she said in an interview. Kids scattered and fled, except Tiffany Moore. She lay dead.
Police, according to court records, concluded almost immediately that the shooting was part of an ongoing feud between the Castlegate and Humboldt street gangs - revenge for the wounding of a Castlegate member two weeks earlier.
The lead homicide detectives were Richard Walsh and Paul Murphy, both veterans. They soon learned the shooters were masked - one wore the Jason mask from the film “Friday the 13th” - and wore black Adidas sweatsuits, the lightweight running gear popular among Roxbury males at the time.
Lacking key physical evidence - the guns and masks - police were forced to rely on interviews with witnesses and other sources. Teenagers told police they had seen Drumgold and Taylor earlier that evening leave the apartment across the street from the mailbox. Both men were known drug dealers, and police picked up some street talk about a possible beef the two were having with another small-time dealer.
There were leads on other possible suspects, but almost from the start, the focus was on Drumgold and Taylor - even though their involvement would defy basic street logic and common sense, according to recent interviews with two veteran police investigators who spoke on condition of anonymity. Drumgold and Taylor, they said, were freelance drug dealers unaffiliated with any gang. “Shawn was dealing in peace, not bothering either gang,” said one of the investigators who worked in Roxbury at the time.
Moreover, police, as part of the effort to combat escalating street gang violence, kept books listing street gang members and anyone who might be loosely associated with a gang. Drumgold and Taylor were not listed in the Castlegate book nor in any gang listing, according to police records and later trial testimony.
Even more puzzling was the notion that Drumgold, who lived on Humboldt Avenue, would be an agent of the Castlegates. “He was living on Humboldt. Why would he shoot at [Humboldt]?” one investigator asked. Drumgold and Taylor would have been hunted down and killed by the Humboldt gang, he said.
Such information didn’t stop police from telling reporters upon their arrest of Drumgold 10 days after Moore’s death that he was a “drug dealer and member of the Castlegate gang.” The arrest story was headlined in the Boston Herald, “ `Tiffany killer’ jailed: Roxbury gang member charged in the murder of 12-year-old girl,” a spread that featured a photograph of Drumgold, handcuffed, with a Boston police officer at his side.
“You have to understand, back then they [homicide] would get something and run right to the grand jury. It wasn’t like they’d first corroborate it,” the longtime investigator said. Given the public and political pressure, making an arrest was paramount. Building the case could come later.
A shaky indictment
The Suffolk County grand jury that convened on Sept. 8, 1988, to take up the Moore killing heard testimony from just two witnesses - an extraordinarily small showing for a high-profile murder case. The principal was Detective Walsh, who summarized the early evidence against Drumgold and Taylor. But a review of his testimony, other records, and new interviews suggests portions of Walsh’s account were, at best, misleading.
Walsh described questioning Tracie Peaks, a teenage girl who said she’d seen two men leaving the back of the Edison lot immediately after the shooting and had recognized one as Drumgold. Walsh also said Peaks described the men as wearing “black Adidas suits” - matching exactly the descriptions given by the teenagers at the crime scene.
In her testimony, however, Peaks flatly contradicted Walsh. “I told them black sneakers,” she said of her discussion with detectives. “Adidas sneakers and black jeans.”
“Did you ever tell the officer that you saw Adidas suits?” she was asked.
“No,” the 16-year-old said.
It was a standoff on a key investigatory detail, though one that paled next to Peaks saying she had seen Drumgold, whom she knew, near the crime scene. It turned out to be the first of several instances in which Walsh’s version was challenged.
During his presentation to the grand jury, Walsh testified that some of the most incriminating evidence police had obtained came from one of Drumgold’s drug-dealing cohorts, Antonio “Country” Anthony. He said he and his partner met with Anthony, then 23, at the Area B police station in Roxbury on Aug. 31 - just a week before the grand jury session.
Walsh said that Anthony, in a taped interview, told him he had been hanging out with Drumgold and Taylor early in the evening of Aug. 19, at the Humboldt Avenue apartment where Drumgold usually stayed. Anthony said Drumgold had told them that trouble was brewing - possibly even that night - in a drug-turf dispute, and he displayed two .22 caliber pistols.
They all eventually left the apartment, with Drumgold and Taylor dropping their friend off at the Dudley T station. Anthony said he did not see either man the rest of the night. In short, Anthony left Drumgold and Taylor, armed and ready for trouble, only hours before Tiffany Moore was killed by shots from a .22-caliber handgun.
It was powerful stuff - but Antonio Anthony, in recent Globe interviews, said it was untrue. Anthony recanted key parts of what he told police and said much of Walsh’s testimony before the grand jury was false. “That is not how it happened,” he said, adding that he felt “under pressure” by police and told them what they wanted to hear.
Anthony was interviewed at the Old Colony Correctional Center in Bridgewater, where he is serving a seven-year prison term for unarmed robbery. He confirmed parts of what police said he told them - that he was with Drumgold and Taylor at the Humboldt Avenue apartment early that evening and that they were packing pistols.
But Anthony said he was never dropped off at the Dudley T station when they left the apartment. “That never happened,” he said.
The truth, Anthony said, is that as darkness fell he, Drumgold, Taylor, and a fourth man left Humboldt Avenue and drove to 23 Sonoma St. so that he and Taylor could visit their girlfriends. He said Taylor was upstairs with his girlfriend, he was in the hallway with his, and Drumgold was hanging out downstairs.
Nearly an hour later, “we heard about a shooting that had happened.” He said Drumgold immediately wanted to return to Humboldt Avenue, worried the victim might be his sister.
“There’s no way he could have done that [killing],” said Anthony. “I know that for a fact. Because I was with him and Lug on Sonoma Street when the shooting happened.”
Reviewing the discrepancies between the transcript of his 1988 police interview and what he says now, Anthony said, “I went in there to tell the truth and they didn’t want to hear it. They wanted me to corroborate that they [Drumgold and Taylor] had done the shooting. They kept putting the same questions to me and I’d say, `Yo, he didn’t do it. I was with him. He didn’t do it.’ They’d say, `You holding back on us?’ “
Anthony said he grew increasingly afraid that police were going to charge him in the murder. “I lost control of the whole situation,” he said in the Globe interview, “and I’m just doing what they want me to do. I’m just a dumb puppet in there.”
Police spokeswoman Mariellen Burns declined requests for interviews with Walsh and other police officials. Citing the ongoing appeals in the case, she referred questions about Drumgold to the Suffolk County prosecutors’ office. Deputy District Attorney Joshua Wall also declined to comment. Beauchesne, the retired prosecutor, said Walsh “did not have any type of reputation as a rubberhose cop . . . I don’t think any witnesses were pressured excessively.”
Anthony said he now understands why he was not summoned to testify in person at the grand jury. “I would have told the grand jury the same thing I told homicide,” he said. “I would have told the grand jury, no way Shawn and Lug coulda done it.”
The Sonoma Street alibi
Others are also now prepared to join Anthony in corroborating Drumgold’s alibi. In separate interviews, three former Sonoma Street residents told the Globe they saw Drumgold, Taylor, and Anthony on their street when Tiffany Moore was killed several blocks away on Humboldt Avenue. Two never came forward and cooperated with police at the time and a third said she spoke to authorities but backed off after feeling intimidated by police.
“When I heard they got arrested for the shooting, I said, `That’s impossible,’ because they were on Sonoma and could not have done it,” said Olisa Graham. “You can’t be two places at once.”
Then 19 years old, Graham lived in a third-floor apartment at 23 Sonoma St. She said that around twilight on the night of the murder, she returned home and ran into Anthony and Taylor in the building. Taylor, she said, was with her sister. She made a call, went out, and sat on a stoop, smoking a cigarette.
“I saw Shawn coming out of the building next to mine,” she said. “He went into the other building. Then 10 or 15 minutes go by and it seemed like all these people started coming up. People were saying there’s a shooting on Humboldt.
“Shawn came out of the other building and he crossed the street and stood in front of 23 Sonoma with Country and Terrance,” she said. The three then took off, she said.
Graham said she gave this information to authorities who met with her in her family’s apartment. She said she was willing to testify until one of the men who interviewed her telephoned with a warning. “[He] told me I wouldn’t be able to testify because I had a warrant, a shoplifting warrant,” she said. “He said if I was to testify there was a possibility I could be arrested after I got off the witness stand.”
Court records show that Graham had an outstanding arrest warrant for shoplifting at the time, a charge that would be dismissed in 1999. Graham said no one contacted her again - and she was not about to stick her neck out. “I would have testified. I wanted to help, but when they told me that, it was like, OK, I don’t want to go to court and get arrested,” she said recently. Now 34 and taking nursing courses, she said she is willing to testify if there is a new challenge to Drumgold’s conviction.
Two others told the Globe they saw Drumgold and Taylor on Sonoma Street at the time of the shooting but had been afraid to go to police. “You didn’t want to get caught dead talking to the police,” said Gemini Hullum. The third resident, who asked not to be identified, echoed Hullum’s wariness. “I didn’t want to have any part of it, because of the way I was living back then,” said the resident. Besides, the resident said, people heard about the call Olisa Graham got. “People were scared of what the police were saying.”
A trial witness recants
During the year after Darlene Tiffany Moore was gunned down, her death had an impact far beyond the investigation. Police cracked down on the gangs and beefed up foot patrols in known trouble spots. Federal, state, and local officials met with Roxbury community leaders, promising tougher laws to combat street crime and drug offenses. Talk of organizing neighborhood crime watch groups was widespread.
Then came time for justice for a 12-year-old girl.
“All of society, all of the might of society has gathered to convict Shawn Drumgold,” Beauchesne told a Suffolk County jury in the fall of 1989. “Think of the person who isn’t here. Tiffany Moore is as much entitled to clear, cool, calm justice as is Shawn Drumgold.”
The murder trial began on Oct. 2, a cloudy Monday morning. It lasted 11 days and involved 47 witnesses. The gist of the state’s case was that Drumgold and Taylor, acting as hit men for the Castlegate gang, fired shots into a crowd of youths and killed the girl instead of the intended target. No witness placed Taylor at the crime scene, and he was acquitted by the trial judge.
To convict Drumgold, the prosecution, lacking physical evidence, relied on a half-dozen witnesses whose testimony, taken together, portrayed Drumgold as the killer.
Vantrell “Trell” McPherson was one of those witnesses - although initially the teenager did not seem to have much to offer the prosecution. In her first taped interview with police, she said she and Tiffany Moore had run into Drumgold and Taylor at around 6 p.m., hours before the shooting. “They were walking by,” McPherson said, according to the police transcript.
Twice the investigators asked, “Is there anything else you would like to add, Trell?” Twice she replied, “No.”
But four months later, when she took the witness stand, there was more. McPherson now said Drumgold and Taylor seemed in a hurry when she and Moore ran into them. The new twist emerged in the following exchange between the prosecutor and McPherson:
“Did Mr. Taylor say anything in your presence to the defendant Shawn Drumgold?”
“He said, “Come on, Shawn, you know we got to do this.”
“Say that again slowly.”
“Come on, Shawn, you know we got to do this.”
“We got to go do this.”
“Did you know what he meant?”
“I have no further questions, your honor.”
It was the climax to McPherson’s testimony, with the prosecutor pausing to savor the words that suggested Drumgold and Taylor were men with a mission the night Moore was shot.
But in a recent interview, McPherson recanted.
The testimony about Taylor, she said, was false. “I don’t remember anyone saying, “Come on, Shawn, we got to go do this.” McPherson said she did not even remember giving that testimony - because, she explained, she was “so shook up” by the time she took the stand. During witness preparation, she said, a member of the prosecution team berated her to the point of tears.
“He was yelling and screaming at me,” McPherson, then 15, said. She did not know the official’s name. “It was a fat guy,” she said. The two were alone in a room in the courthouse. “He was telling me how can I not know who it was wearing a mask, if I saw the person the same day. How can I not know it’s him even if he’s got a mask on, because I know Shawn and had seen him.
“I felt very much intimidated,” said McPherson, now 29. “He wasn’t backing off at all. He was really screaming in my face, to the point where I was crying. That man could have got me to say anything, the way he was in my face.”
Another key trial witness was Ricky Evans, a young Roxbury man whom police stumbled across 10 months after the Moore shooting, three months before the trial.
Detectives had been in contact with him about another murder. “I don’t know why I brought it up. I just happened to hit him [Evans] with the question, “By the way, do you know anything on the Tiffany Moore murder?’ “ one detective later testified to explain the surprising good fortune.
Evans said he knew plenty, and on June 21, 1989, he met with investigators and a prosecutor, according to police records. Evans said that on the night Moore was murdered he had seen Drumgold and Taylor outside his apartment building on Elm Hill Avenue, a few blocks from the crime scene. Both men were armed with pistols, he said, and he overheard Taylor telling Drumgold where they could find the two Humboldt gang leaders whom investigators believed were targeted for revenge by the Castlegate gang. Evans further said that he met up with Drumgold and Taylor later that night, after the murder, and that both had acted “strange” and told him they had “ditched” the pistols.
For homicide detectives, Evans’s account was like hitting the lottery, a witness who could testify about guns, motive, and cover-up. Evans, meanwhile, was a wanted man himself. Even as he opened up to police about the Moore murder case, Evans, according to Roxbury District Court records, had at least four criminal cases pending against him - for trespassing, for car theft, and for possessing and dealing cocaine. If convicted of the most serious charges, he faced up to 10 years in prison.
Life improved for Evans, however, once he cooperated against Drumgold and Taylor. Six days after the June 21 meeting, a homicide detective drove Evans to the Roxbury court, where Evans’s outstanding arrest warrants were cleared up. Evans’s cases were then continued for further court action until Oct. 10 - after the trial, scheduled to begin Sept. 19, was expected to be over.
At trial, Evans’s testimony was sharply challenged by lawyers for Drumgold and Taylor, who said his version was preposterous. Drumgold and Taylor did not even know Evans, the lawyers said. And Evans, they said, had a sweetheart deal with police. “Is it your testimony you don’t expect anything in return for your testimony here today?” one lawyer asked.
“No,” Evans replied, he expected no special treatment. It was his civic duty, he said.
Five days after Drumgold was convicted, the trespassing charge against Evans was dropped outright. The cocaine possession charges were continued without a finding and would be erased so long as he performed five hours of community service. (Evans never did the five hours, according to records.) The stolen car case was also continued without a finding. A crack cocaine-dealing charge was not brought up during the bulk disposition and, according to records, remains an open case.
For all practical purposes, Evans left court free and easy. In a recent interview, Evans declined to answer questions about his role as a witness against Drumgold or his relationship with homicide detectives. He cut off the questions during a brief meeting near his South Boston apartment. “There was no coercion,” he said. “What I said was the way it happened.”
A troubled star witness
Drumgold was convicted of first-degree murder on Friday, Oct. 13, after fewer than six hours of deliberations over two days. The jury consisted of five men and seven women and included one black, the foreman, Lance E. Woodley. In the years since, one juror has died, another suffers from failing memory, and a third’s health troubles prevented her from discussing the case. Most have moved away from Boston.
Five jurors, in interviews, said the tipping point for a guilty verdict was one girl’s testimony. “The biggest thing that stands out was that Shawn Drumgold was identified,” said Woodley. “The girl who said she looked right in his eyes.”
That “girl” was 22-year-old Mary Alexander, and her path to a courtroom identification was hardly a straight line. She lived in an apartment at 72 Homestead St. with her mother and children. Detectives first came to see her seven days after the murder, according to police records. She told them she saw two men walk past her after the shooting, “putting what she believed to be guns inside their pants,” according to a police report. But she could not identify either man.
“The officers observed Mary Alexander pick up the photo no. 304-159, the photo of Shawne [sic] Drumgold several times look at this photo for some time put it down and pick it up again and again before saying she could not make an identification of any of the photos of the two men she had seen,” according to the police report.
Alexander wouldn’t make her first positive identification until 13 months later, just as the trial began and after the blaze of media coverage fingering Drumgold as the killer. When she took the witness stand she confidently and positively identified Drumgold.
“I’ll never forget those eyes, because they was like staring,” she testified.
For the jurors, her words proved compelling. “I totally believed her,” said juror Kimberly Barr. “I was just so impressed with her description; she said she’d never forget those eyes.” said Sheila Finnerty. “That clinched it for me,” said Cecille Y. Manning about the girl’s identification. Woodley, the foreman, said, “You remember something that was strong - like someone saying, I saw him.”
But unknown to jurors or defense attorneys was that young Mary Alexander suffered from brain cancer in 1989. She died four years later. “Cause of death was Cerebral Astrocytoma, Seizure Disorders, Five years of Disorder,” according to her death certificate. The fatal brain cancer, according to oncologists, can affect a person’s memory, perception, and cognitive function.
In an interview, Lola Alexander said her daughter was first diagnosed when she was 20 years old, in early 1988. “She was getting very severe headaches. I used to have to sit up all night with her and hold her head like a baby.” One day, she said, Mary “fell on her face,” was rushed by ambulance to the hospital, and the brain cancer was diagnosed. Mary underwent various treatments, the mother said.
Neither the defense nor the jury knew about the fatal condition - but police did, the mother said. “They didn’t care she had cancer; that had nothing to do with her mouth.” She said police came around often. “I think they were trying to coach her what to say.” Moreover, the mother said police were after her to testify, too. “I didn’t see nothing, and they wanted me to see something,” she said. “They were saying, `You got to have seen something.”‘
Beauchesne, the prosecutor, said he never knew Mary Alexander had a fatal brain cancer until a Globe reporter brought it up. “Talking to her, there was nothing about her that would indicate that she was anything but an average, ordinary citizen.” He also said that without her testimony, Drumgold would have been acquitted. “I was trying a case that was falling apart on me,” he said. “Going down the tubes.” Her identification turned around what he’d figured was going to be “a high-publicity loser.”
Told recently about Alexander’s cancer and asked whether the medical condition might have affected the jury’s verdict, Barr paused and then said, “It was easier making the decision not knowing that fact. If that were part of the mix it would have been a more complicated decision.”
Seeking a new day in court
Today Shawn Drumgold is a much different-looking man than when he was arrested in 1988. He is 37, no longer the skinny drug dealer who worked the streets of Roxbury. Lifting weights, he’s bulked up. His head is shaved.
Following a few disciplinary controversies early on, Drumgold settled into a largely uneventful prison life. In interviews, he said he became a Muslim, earned a high school equivalency diploma in May 1995, and now takes correspondence college courses through Bunker Hill Community College.
His daughter, a baby when he was convicted, is now a teenager attending a Boston high school, and Drumgold said he tries his best to stay involved with her upbringing.
Throughout, Drumgold has maintained his innocence.”We went to Sonoma Street,” he told police 10 days after the shooting, and he has never changed his story. For years he and his appellate attorney, Rosemary Curran Scapicchio, have unsuccessfully pursued appeals in state and federal court. Most recently, Drumgold’s hopes have grown based on several new developments. For one, Olisa Graham has come forward, providing a sworn affidavit corroborating the Sonoma Street alibi and saying police intimidated her at the time.
Even members of the Castlegate gang have said Drumgold was not the shooter. The disclosures were made in the wake of a 1998 federal racketeering indictment of about 30 Castlegate members. During debriefings, at least two defendants said it was common knowledge Drumgold was not Moore’s killer. Boston police and Suffolk prosecutors eventually conducted interviews with the men but discounted their information as hearsay.
For her part, Scapicchio last year filed a motion for a new trial based on new evidence, relying on the Castlegate gang disclosures and Graham’s alibi corroboration. Her request for a hearing on the new evidence is scheduled to be heard soon by Superior Court Judge Barbara J. Rouse. A spokesman for Suffolk County District Attorney Daniel F. Conley said prosecutors continue to stand by Drumgold’s conviction, noting it has been upheld on appeal, but that Conley would not challenge a judge’s order, if there were one, to hold a hearing. “We would always consider any substantive evidence,” said Joshua Wall, Conley’s top deputy. “Our interest in seeing that convictions are correct is always present.”
Woodley, the jury foreman, is one who would welcome a reexamination of the conviction. “I always question whether I did the right thing,” he said. “I still question, is this the right guy?
“Too often the justice system doesn’t do justice,” he said.
That sentiment is not his alone. Back in 1989, even Tiffany Moore’s mother was not wholly persuaded about Drumgold’s guilt. In the city’s two major newspapers, Alice Moore expressed relief that one of the killers was convicted. “At least they got one,” she said. But a neighborhood newspaper captured a different side of the mother - one full of doubts. “It was very hard to tell if he was the right one,” Alice Moore, who died in 1994, told the weekly Bay State Banner. “It’s a big mess.”
Dick Lehr can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.