Today is Sunday, July 22, the 204th day of 2012. There are 162 days left in the year.
Today’s Birthdays: Opera singer Licia Albanese is 99. Former Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole, a Kansas Republican, is 89. Actor-comedian Orson Bean is 84. Fashion designer Oscar de la Renta is 80. Actress Louise Fletcher is 78. Rhythm-and-blues singer Chuck Jackson is 75. Actor Terence Stamp is 74. Game show host Alex Trebek is 72. Singer George Clinton is 71. Actor-singer Bobby Sherman is 69. Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison of Texas is 69. Movie writer-director Paul Schrader is 66. Actor Danny Glover is 66. Singer Mireille Mathieu is 66. Actor-comedian-director Albert Brooks is 65. Rock singer Don Henley is 65. Movie composer Alan Menken is 63. Singer-actress Lonette McKee is 59. Jazz musician Al Di Meola is 58. Actor Willem Dafoe is 57. Rhythm-and-blues singer Keith Sweat is 51. Actress Joanna Going is 49. Actor Rob Estes is 49. Folk singer Emily Saliers (Indigo Girls) is 49. Actor John Leguizamo is 48. Actor-comedian David Spade is 48. Actor Patrick Labyorteaux is 47. Rock musician Pat Badger is 45. Actress Irene Bedard is 45. Actor Rhys Ifans is 45. Actor Colin Ferguson is 40. Rock musician Daniel Jones is 39. Singer Rufus Wainwright is 39. Actress Franka Potente is 38. Actress A.J. Cook is 34. Actress Selena Gomez is 20.
In 1587, an English colony fated to vanish under mysterious circumstances was established on Roanoke Island off North Carolina.
In 1796, Cleveland, Ohio, was founded by General Moses Cleaveland.
In 1812, English-led troops defeated the French at the Battle of Salamanca in Spain during the Peninsular War.
In 1862, President Abraham Lincoln presented to his Cabinet a preliminary draft of the Emancipation Proclamation.
In 1893, Wellesley College professor Katharine Lee Bates visited the summit of Pikes Peak, where she was inspired to write the original version of her poem ‘‘America the Beautiful.’’
In 1916, a bomb went off during a Preparedness Day parade in San Francisco, killing 10.
In 1934, bank robber John Dillinger was shot to death by federal agents outside Chicago’s Biograph Theater, where he had just seen the Clark Gable movie ‘‘Manhattan Melodrama.’’
In 1937, the Senate rejected President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s proposal to expand the Supreme Court.
In 1942, the Nazis began transporting Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto to the Treblinka concentration camp.
In 1946, Jewish extremists blew up a wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 90 people.
In 1962, Mariner 1, NASA’s first attempt at sending a spacecraft to Venus, was destroyed shortly after launch because of faulty steering.
In 1975, the House of Representatives joined the Senate in voting to restore the American citizenship of Confederate General Robert E. Lee.