Metro

Mass. Department of Transportation budget gap

The agency estimates it needs to increase income by $1.02 billion each year to operate the current system and make needed improvements over the next 10 years.

FACTORS IN SHORTFALL

$684 million/year needed to operate existing system

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$284 million needed to stop borrowing to pay for operations

$300 million needed to pay MBTA debt and operate system

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$100 million needed to break borrowing cycle and fund future regional bus operations

$9.3 billion over 10 years needed to bring existing infrastructure into “good repair.” Would be bond-financed and paid over 25 years.

$3.8 billion over 10 years needed to expand rail service

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$1.8 billion Boston-New Bedford/Fall River rail

$850 million South Station expansion

$674 million Green Line extension

$362 million Boston-Springfield rail

$113.8 million Pittsfield-New York City rail

$20.8 million Boston-Hyannis

POSSIBLE REVENUE SOURCES

Any of these would raise $1 billion per year or smaller increases in each could be combined

Gas tax raised from $0.21 to $0.51 per gallon

Sales tax raised from 6.25% to 7.75%

State income tax raised from 5.25% to 5.66%

Vehicle miles traveled tax levied at $0.024/mile

$175 million could come from assessing higher vehicle title and registration fees based on emissions.

$140m-$207m could be raised with a payroll tax on workers in regions with transit service.

SOURCE: MassDOT

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