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This Day in History

Today is Sunday, Sept. 1, the 244th day of 2013. There are 121 days left in the year.

Today’s birthdays: Former Defense Secretary Melvin R. Laird is 91. Actor George Maharis is 85. Conductor Seiji Ozawa is 78. Attorney and law professor Alan Dershowitz is 75. Comedian-actress Lily Tomlin is 74. Actor Don Stroud is 70. Conductor Leonard Slatkin is 69. Singer Archie Bell is 69. Singer Barry Gibb is 67. Rock musician Greg Errico is 65. Talk show host Dr. Phil McGraw is 63. Singer Gloria Estefan is 56. Former White House press secretary Dee Dee Myers is 52. Jazz musician Boney James is 52. Singer-musician Grant Lee Phillips (Grant Lee Buffalo) is 50. Country singer-songwriter Charlie Robison is 49. Retired NBA All-Star Tim Hardaway is 47. Rap DJ Spigg Nice (Lost Boyz) is 43. Actor Ricardo Antonio Chavira is 42. Actor Scott Speedman is 38. Country singer Angaleena Presley (Pistol Annies) is 37. Rock musician Joe Trohman is 29.

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In 1715, following a reign of 72 years, King Louis XIV of France died four days before his 77th birthday.

In 1807, former Vice President Aaron Burr was found not guilty of treason.

In 1902, the Georges Melies short film ‘‘Le Voyage dans la lune’’ (A Trip to the Moon) opened in France.

In 1923, the Japanese cities of Tokyo and Yokohama were devastated by an earthquake that claimed some 140,000 lives.

In 1932, New York City Mayor James J. ‘‘Gentleman Jimmy’’ Walker resigned following charges of graft and corruption in his administration.

In 1939, World War II began as Nazi Germany invaded Poland.

In 1942, US District Court Judge Martin I. Welsh, ruling from Sacramento, Calif., on a lawsuit brought by the American Civil Liberties Union on behalf of Fred Korematsu, upheld the wartime detention of Japanese-Americans as well as Japanese nationals.

In 1951, the United States, Australia, and New Zealand signed a mutual defense pact, the ANZUS treaty.

In 1961, the Soviet Union ended a moratorium on atomic testing with an above-ground nuclear explosion in central Asia. A TWA Lockheed Constellation crashed shortly after takeoff from Chicago’s Midway Airport, killing 78 people.

In 1972, American Bobby Fischer won the international chess crown in Reykjavik, Iceland, as Boris Spassky of the Soviet Union resigned before the resumption of Game 21.

In 1983, 269 people were killed when a Korean Air Lines Boeing 747 was shot down by a Soviet jet fighter after the airliner entered Soviet airspace.

In 2003, Arab TV broadcast an audiotape purportedly from Saddam Hussein denying any involvement in a bombing in Najaf, Iraq, that killed a beloved Shi’ite cleric. The US-picked Iraqi Governing Council named a new Cabinet.

In 2008, Hurricane Gustav slammed into the heart of Louisiana’s fishing and oil industry with 110 mile per hour winds, delivering only a glancing blow to New Orleans. Republicans opened their national convention in St. Paul on a subdued note because of Gustav.

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