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Today in History

In 2010, rescuers in Chile using an escape capsule pulled  to freedom 33 men who were trapped in a mine 69 days.

CLAUDIO SANTANA/AFP/Getty Images/file 2010

In 2010, rescuers in Chile using an escape capsule pulled to freedom 33 men who were trapped in a mine 69 days.

Today is Sunday, Oct. 13, the 286th day of 2013. There are 79 days left in the year.

Today’s Birthdays: Playwright Frank D. Gilroy is 88. Gospel singer Shirley Caesar is 76. Actress Melinda Dillon is 74. Singer-musician Paul Simon is 72. Singer-musician Sammy Hagar is 66. Actor John Lone is 61. Model Beverly Johnson is 61. Singer Marie Osmond is 54. Rock singer Joey Belladonna is 53. Former White House press secretary Ari Fleischer is 53. NBA coach Doc Rivers is 52. Actress T’Keyah Crystal Keymah is 51. College and Pro Football Hall of Famer Jerry Rice is 51. Actress Kelly Preston is 51. Country singer John Wiggins is 51. Actor Christopher Judge is 49. Actress Kate Walsh is 46. Rhythm-and-blues musician Jeff Allen (Mint Condition) is 45. Actress Tisha Campbell-Martin is 45. Classical singer Carlos Marin (Il Divo) is 45. Olympic silver-medal figure skater Nancy Kerrigan is 44. Actor Sacha Baron Cohen is 42. Rock musician Jan Van Sichem Jr. (K’s Choice) is 41. Rhythm-and-blues singers Brandon and Brian Casey (Jagged Edge) are 38. Actress Kiele Sanchez is 37. NBA All-Star Paul Pierce is 36. Singer Ashanti is 33.

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In 54, Roman Emperor Claudius I died, poisoned apparently at the behest of his wife, Agrippina.

In 1307, King Philip IV of France ordered the arrests of Knights Templar on charges of heresy.

In 1775, the United States Navy had its origins as the Continental Congress ordered the construction of a fleet.

In 1792, the cornerstone of the executive mansion, later known as the White House, was laid during a ceremony in the District of Columbia.

In 1843, the Jewish organization B’nai B’rith was founded in New York City.

In 1845, Texas voters ratified a state constitution.

In 1932, President Herbert Hoover and Chief Justice Charles Evan Hughes laid the cornerstone for the US Supreme Court building in Washington.

In 1944, American troops entered Aachen, Germany, during World War II.

In 1960, John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon held the third televised debate of their presidential campaign. (Nixon was in Los Angeles, Kennedy in New York.)

In 1962, Edward Albee’s searing four-character drama ‘‘Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?’’ opened on Broadway with Arthur Hill as George, Uta Hagen as Martha, George Grizzard as Nick, and Melinda Dillon (whose 23d birthday it was) as Honey.

In 1972, a Uruguayan chartered flight carrying 45 people crashed in the Andes; 16 survivors who resorted to feeding off the remains of some of the dead in order to stay alive were rescued more than two months later.

In 1981, voters in Egypt participated in a referendum to elect Vice President Hosni Mubarak the new president, one week after the assassination of Anwar Sadat.

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