Today is Friday, Oct. 6, the 279th day of 2017. There are 86 days left in the year.Birthdays: Broadcaster and writer Melvyn Bragg is 78. Actress Britt Ekland is 75. The president of Sinn Fein, Gerry Adams, is 69. Los Lobos singer-musician David Hidalgo is 63. Actress Elisabeth Shue is 54. Singer Matthew Sweet is 53.
In 1683, thirteen families from Krefeld, Germany, arrived in Philadelphia to begin Germantown, one of America’s oldest settlements.
In 1892, British poet laureate Alfred, Lord Tennyson died in Surrey, England, at age 83.
In 1927, the era of talking pictures arrived with the opening of ‘‘The Jazz Singer’’ starring Al Jolson, a feature containing both silent and sound-synchronized sequences.
In 1939, in a speech to the Reichstag, German Chancellor Adolf Hitler spoke of his plans to reorder the ethnic layout of Europe — a plan which would entail settling the ‘‘Jewish problem.’’
In 1949, U.S.-born Iva Toguri D’Aquino, convicted of treason for being Japanese wartime broadcaster ‘‘Tokyo Rose,’’ was sentenced in San Francisco to 10 years in prison (she ended up serving more than six).
In 1973, war erupted in the Middle East as Egypt and Syria launched a surprise attack on Israel during the Yom Kippur holiday. (Israel, initially caught off guard, managed to push back the Arab forces before a cease-fire finally took hold in the nearly three-week conflict.)
In 1979, Pope John Paul II, on a week-long U.S. tour, became the first pontiff to visit the White House, where he was received by President Jimmy Carter.
In 1981, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat was shot to death by extremists while reviewing a military parade.
In 2012, five terror suspects, including Egyptian-born preacher Mustafa Kamel Mustafa, widely known as Abu Hamza al-Masri, arrived in the United States from England and appeared in court in New York and Connecticut. (Mustafa was convicted in 2014 of supporting terrorist organizations.)
Last year, President Barack Obama offered 102 federal inmates the chance to leave prison early, bringing to 774 the number of sentences Obama had shortened.