Today is Friday, Oct. 13, the 286th day of 2017. There are 79 days left in the year.
Birthdays: Gospel singer Shirley Caesar is 80. Actress Melinda Dillon is 78. Singer-songwriter Paul Simon is 76. Chicago keyboardist Robert Lamm is 73. Actor Demond Wilson is 71. Singer Sammy Hagar is 70. Pop singer John Ford Coley is 69. Senator Maria Cantwell, Democrat of Washington, is 59. Singer Marie Osmond is 58. Former White House press secretary Ari Fleischer is 57. NBA coach Doc Rivers is 56. Football Hall of Famer Jerry Rice is 55. Actress Kelly Preston is 55. Classical singer Carlos Marin is 49. Olympic silver medal figure skater Nancy Kerrigan is 48. Actor Sacha Baron Cohen is 46. Former Celtics’ star Paul Pierce is 40. DJ Vice is 39. Olympic gold medal swimmer Ian Thorpe is 35.
In A.D. 54, Roman Emperor Claudius I died, poisoned apparently at the behest of his wife, Agrippina.
In 1775, the US Navy had its origins as the Continental Congress ordered the construction of a naval fleet.
In 1792, the cornerstone of the executive mansion, later known as the White House, was laid by President Washington during a ceremony in the District of Columbia.
In 1962, Edward Albee’s four-character drama ‘‘Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?’’ opened on Broadway.
In 1981, voters in Egypt participated in a referendum to elect Vice President Hosni Mubarak the new president, one week after the assassination of Anwar Sadat.
In 1999, the Senate rejected the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, with 48 senators voting in favor and 51 against, far short of the 67 needed for ratification.
In 2010, rescuers in Chile using a missile-like escape capsule pulled 33 men one by one to fresh air and freedom 69 days after they were trapped in a collapsed mine a half-mile underground.
Last year, Donald Trump heatedly rejected the growing list of sexual assault allegations against him as ‘‘pure fiction,’’ hammering his female accusers as ‘‘horrible, horrible liars.’’ Bob Dylan was named winner of the Nobel prize in literature.