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Malam Bacai Sanha, president of West Africa’s Republic of Guinea-Bissau, dies at 64

AFP/Getty Images/file 1999

MALAM BACAI SANHA

BISSAU, Guinea-Bissau - President Malam Bacai Sanha, who was elected in this tiny, coup-prone nation on Africa’s western coast about two years ago after the previous leader was assassinated, died yesterday in Paris after a lengthy hospitalization.

No immediate cause was given but the 64-year-old president was known to have diabetes and had undergone medical treatment in both France and in Senegal during his time in office. National radio announced his death yesterday afternoon.

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An official at Guinea-Bissau’s embassy in Paris, Luis Mendes, said Mr. Sanha died at the Val de Grace hospital after being hospitalized in France “for about a month’’ with an unspecified ailment.

The head of the National Assembly, Raimundo Pereira, is again expected to take over until new elections can be organized. He served as interim head of state after the 2009 assassination of President Joao Bernardo “Nino’’ Vieira.

Officials declared seven days of mourning. They did not say when elections might be held.

Since independence from Portugal in 1974, the Republic of Guinea-Bissau has been racked by coups and has become one of the main transit points for drug traffickers ferrying cocaine to Europe. Just two weeks ago, the army said a top military official had attempted unsuccessfully to seize power.

Mr. Sanha won the 2009 presidential election held after Vieira’s death, a peaceful transition of power that marked a rare bright spot for Guinea-Bissau. He became less known for what he did as president than for his frequent hospitalizations abroad, which were always described by aides as routine checkups.

‘His presidency did not bring the results people had hoped.’

Carlos Vamain Former justice minister
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In August 2009, he spent nearly three weeks hospitalized in Dakar, the capital of neighboring Senegal, where medical facilities are better equipped than in Bissau.

A veteran observer with close ties to the president’s entourage described the illness as “advanced diabetes’’ combined with a hemoglobin problem.

Mr. Sanha began his political career as the head of the youth wing of the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde - the body that fought for the country’s independence from Portugal in 1974. He went on to become a member of the party’s executive committee and then served as a governor of a province.

Mr. Sanha was thrown to the fore after Vieira was gunned down inside his home. The circumstances of Vieira’s death have never been fully illuminated, but many speculated that his killing was related to issues surrounding drug trafficking.

In recent years, Guinea-Bissau has become a hub for drug smuggling. Cocaine is flown in from South America to the archipelago of islands that dot the country’s coastline. The drugs are moved to Europe by boats and by people known as mules who ingest the drugs and attempt to carry them north on commercial flights. Mr. Sanha had pledged to combat the flow of narcotics. “Drug trafficking must end in this country,’’ he told top military officials in July.

Nevertheless, he appointed Jose Americo Bubo Na Tchuto, labeled by the United States Treasury Department as a drug kingpin, to head the Navy in early October.

“You must prove to those who accuse you of being steeped in illicit activities that what they say does not correspond to the truth,’’ Mr. Sanha said at Na Tchuto’s induction ceremony.

Carlos Vamain, a political analyst and former justice minister, called Mr. Sanha’s presidency difficult and complex.

“Difficult in the context of narco-trafficking and also the unchanging socioeconomic problems of the country,’’ Vamain said. “His presidency did not bring the results people had hoped.’’

Associated Press writers Angela Charlton in Paris and Rukmini Callimachi and Artis Henderson in Dakar, Senegal, contributed to this report.
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