Norman Sas, 87, created popular electric football game

Mr. Sas (right) showed his football game to NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle (2d from left).
courtesy of Earl Shores and Roddy Garcia/file 1971
Mr. Sas (right) showed his football game to NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle (2d from left).

WEST PALM BEACH, Fla. — Norman Sas — a mechanical engineer who created electric football, a table­top game with a vibrating metal field and unpredictable plastic players that captivated and frustrated children and grown-ups for decades — has died. He was 87.

Mr. Sas died June 28 at his home in Vero Beach.

His father, Elmer, owned ­Tudor Metal Products in New York, surviving the Depression by making xylophones and a six-slot Budget Bank that allowed users to divide their savings for different purposes. The company eventually developed technology that used a small motor to create vibrations on a metal plate, the basis for car and horse racing games.


When Mr. Sas took over the company in the late 1940s, he was set on using the technology to create a football game. It was introduced by Tudor in 1949 and, with the flick of a switch, sent its tiny players vibrating haphazardly around the field, a felt ball in the hands of one. For children of that era, it was unlike anything they had ever seen.

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‘‘You had your own NFL right there on your living room floor,’’ said Earl Shores, a writer who interviewed Mr. Sas for his forthcoming book on electric football, ‘‘The Unforgettable Buzz,’’ which he wrote with Roddy Garcia.

The game could be infuriatingly slow and its players’ movements nearly impossible to predict, but its popularity endured.

Mike Holmgren, president of the Cleveland Browns, told it was ‘‘the best Christmas present I’ve ever received in my whole life.’’

The game evolved, with the players becoming much more detailed, a grandstand complete with crowd added, and an NFL licensing deal that allowed fans to have their favorite teams on the field. Its popularity endured into the 1980s, when video football games began to emerge. By then, Mr. Sas had sold his company.


Mr. Sas was born in New York and earned degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.