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Lou Scheimer, cartoon studio founder; at 84

Mr. Scheimer’s company became a Saturday morning powerhouse with shows including “Fat Albert” (left).

Los Angeles Times/File 1987

Mr. Scheimer’s company became a Saturday morning powerhouse with shows including “Fat Albert” (left).

LOS ANGELES — Lou Scheimer, who founded the Filmation animation studio that produced Saturday morning cartoons including ‘‘Fat Albert’’ and ‘‘The Archie Show,’’ has died.

The Pittsburgh native behind the cartoon powerhouse died Oct. 17, two days before his 85th birthday, Mr. Scheimer’s wife, Mary Ann, said Sunday.

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The Los Angeles Times reported that Mr. Scheimer’s company was the largest animation operation in the country in the early 1980s by number of employees.

Mr. Scheimer, who graduated with an art degree from the Carnegie Institute of Technology, founded the company in 1962 with a $5,000 loan from his mother-in-law and opened a one-room office in Southern California. His first big hit was “The New Adventures of Superman’’ and the studio went on to work on series including ‘‘He-Man and the Masters of the Universe’’ and ‘‘The Archie Show.’’

He won a Daytime Emmy Award as a producer of the 1974-75 season of the ‘‘Star Trek’’ animated series.

In 1969, Filmation was sold to a cable operator that was bought by Westinghouse. Mr. Scheimer continued to head Filmation, but was told to cut costs and in 1987 announced that some work would be shipped overseas.

In 1989, Film- ation was bought by a French investor group that closed the Woodland Hills plant and fired most employees.

Mr. Scheimer retired several years ago. He leaves his wife; his daughter, Erika; and his son, Lane.

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