NEW YORK — Robert Vaughn, the cleft-chinned actor who reached the peak of his fame in the 1960s playing Napoleon Solo, the debonair international agent tasked with saving the world each week on the hit television series “The Man From U.N.C.L.E.,” died Friday. He was 83.
His manager, Matthew Sullivan, said the cause was acute leukemia, for which Mr. Vaughn had been under treatment in Manhattan and Connecticut, where he lived. Sullivan said he had no immediate information on where Mr. Vaughn died.
Mr. Vaughn had numerous roles in film and on television. He played an old boyfriend of Laura Petrie (Mary Tyler Moore) on an episode of “The Dick Van Dyke Show” and a gunman in “The Magnificent Seven” (1960).
He was nominated for an Academy Award as best supporting actor for his role as a man accused of murder in “The Young Philadelphians” (1959) and won an Emmy in 1978 for his performance as a White House chief of staff in the miniseries “Washington: Behind Closed Doors.”
But no character he played was as popular as Napoleon Solo. From 1964 to 1968, in the thick of the Cold War, millions of Americas tuned in weekly to “The Man From U.N.C.L.E.” to watch Mr. Vaughn, as a superagent from the United Network Command for Law and Enforcement.
Solo battled T.H.R.U.S.H. (Technological Hierarchy for the Removal of Undesirables and the Subjugation of Humanity), a secret organization intent on achieving world domination through nefarious if far-fetched devices like mind-controlling gas.
At the height of the show’s popularity, Mr. Vaughn said he was receiving 70,000 fan letters a month.
The show was a self-aware parody of Ian Fleming’s creation James Bond, who had been played by Sean Connery in two hit movies by the time “The Man From U.N.C.L.E.” made its debut. (Fleming served as an adviser to the show, and is widely credited with coining the name Napoleon Solo.)
“The whole show is a joke. It’s an extension of the Bond joke into a gigantic cartoon in prime time,” Mr. Vaughn told The Saturday Evening Post in an 1965 interview, to which, the magazine noted, he arrived wearing a custom-tailored Italian suit and a black silk tie.
Joke or not, the show catapulted Mr. Vaughn into overnight fame.
At the time, Mr. Vaughn was seemingly more focused on politics than show business: He often spoke publicly against the war in Vietnam.
“In our fervor to halt the potential spread of totalitarianism, what incredible precedent are we setting in Vietnam?” he asked in an impassioned speech. “By marching our legions through the countryside of foreign continents, burning homes, laying waste to the land, and indiscriminately killing friend and foe alike?”
Mr. Vaughn became national chairman of an organization called Dissenting Democrats in 1967 and debated the war with William F. Buckley Jr. on Buckley’s television program, “Firing Line” — a bout that Newsday, on Long Island, said Mr. Vaughn had won. “Vaughn suffered no wounds from Buckley’s expert needling,” the newspaper said.
Mr. Vaughn befriended Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy and was a frequent guest at Hickory Hill, Kennedy’s estate in McLean, Va., where Mr. Vaughn played touch football with luminaries such as writer Art Buchwald and astronaut John Glenn.
‘With a modest amount of looks and talent . . . I’ve man-aged to stretch my 15 minutes of fame into 50 years of good fortune.’
The Kennedys, Mr. Vaughn wrote in his name-dropping autobiography, “A Fortunate Life” (2008), were big fans. “The house was covered with U.N.C.L.E. posters inside and out,” he reported, “including pictures of me with my Walther P-38 at the ready.”
Robert Francis Vaughn was born on Nov. 22, 1932, in New York City into a theatrically inclined household.
His father, Gerald Walter Vaughn, was heard on radio series like “Gangbusters” and “Crime Doctor,” and his mother, the former Marcella Gaudel, appeared in a 1931 Broadway production of “Dracula.” The couple divorced when Mr. Vaughn was an infant and he moved with his mother to Minneapolis, where he was partly reared by grandparents.
“I was a complete wreck as a child, emotionally unstable, excessively prideful,” he told The Sunday News of New York in a 1965 interview.
When he was with his mother, she pushed his acting career, teaching him to recite the “To be or not to be” soliloquy from “Hamlet” when he was 5. While working as a cocktail waitress in a Chicago bar to earn extra money, she had young Robert perform the soliloquy for John Barrymore after Barrymore had dropped by.
She later helped get her son cast on radio shows like “Let’s Pretend” and “Jack Armstrong, the All-American Boy.”
Mr. Vaughn headed to Hollywood in 1952. During the day, he studied theater arts at Los Angeles City College and played bit parts, including a Hebrew slave in the movie epic “The Ten Commandments.”
At night he would go to local hot spots and hobnob with other aspirants and the occasional star. He hung out with Johnny Carson, dated Natalie Wood and knocked back Cutty Sark at 2 a.m. with Bette Davis. He also befriended a young James Coburn and took credit for getting him a role in “The Magnificent Seven.”
After he graduated from college in 1956, Mr. Vaughn signed with Columbia Pictures for $15,000 a role. His career was temporarily waylaid when he was drafted; he served uneventfully as a drill sergeant in the Army and was discharged after 18 months.
After that, his life was a series of increasingly high-profile parts, and then he landed “U.N.C.L.E.” The show was such a success at first that he expected it to last for many years, but the ratings dropped, and it was canceled halfway through its fourth season.
He kept busy afterward, appearing on numerous TV shows and in movies like “Bullitt” (1968) and “The Towering Inferno” (1974). He also traveled extensively. He was in Prague in 1968 when Soviet tanks rolled into the city to suppress the local reform movement.
Mr. Vaughn earned a doctorate in communications from the University of Southern California in the mid-1960s. His dissertation, “The Influence of the House Committee on Un-American Activities on the American Theater 1938-58,” was published as a book, “Only Victims,” in 1972.
But the farther away he got from “U.N.C.L.E.,” the more Mr. Vaughn found himself taking roles that he characterized as “not quality,” among them a millionaire looking to dominate the world through computers in “Superman III” (1983) and a mercenary in “Battle Beyond the Stars” (1980), a low-budget science fiction epic conceived of as “The Magnificent Seven” in space.
During one of his rare returns to stage acting, he appeared in a production of “The Tender Trap” in Chicago in 1970. Also in the cast was actress Linda Staab, whom he married in 1974 and who survives him. With his Hollywood stature on the decline, they moved to a castle-like stone home in Ridgefield, Conn., in 1981.
Mr. Vaughn’s survivors also include a daughter, Caitlin Vaughn; a son, Cassidy; and several grandchildren.
Mr. Vaughn continued to work as an actor into his 80s. In 2012 he appeared on two British television series, “Hustle” and “Coronation Street.” He was seen on an episode of “Law & Order: Special Victims Unit” last year.
Toward the end of his life, his view of acting, and of his luck in having a long show business career, grew rosier. As he put it in his autobiography, “With a modest amount of looks and talent, and more than a modicum of serendipity, I’ve managed to stretch my 15 minutes of fame into 50 years of good fortune.”