■ In the 12th century, Arabian and Turkish horsemen played a game on horseback described as “carosella,” or a “little war.”
■ Gustav Dentzel of Germany pioneered the modern carousel in America in the 1860s.
■ The Flying Carousel in Oak Bluffs on Martha’s Vineyard, built in 1876, is the nation’s oldest platform carousel and has been designated by the US Department of the Interior as a national landmark. It originally operated on Coney Island and was moved to a red barn in Oak Bluffs in 1884.
■ There were more than 4,000 built during the ride’s golden age in the early 1900s.
■ About 150 intact carousels are estimated to exist today.
Sources: International Museum of Carousel Art, Martha’s Vineyard Preservation Trust