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    Two protocols for dealing with armed intruder

    LOCKDOWN

    Used by most school districts nationwide when an armed intruder enters a school building or grounds, the lockdown protocol asks staff and students to:

    u Sound a lockdown alert

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    u Lock classroom doors

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    u Turn out the lights

    u Hide in a far corner of the classroom

    u Remain calm and quiet inside the building and wait for help

    u Not make independent decisions during the emergency

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    ALICE

    Short for “Alert, Lockdown, Inform, Counter, Evacuate” and used in about 300 school districts nationwide for its “enhanced lockdown options,” ALICE:

    u Authorizes staff and students to actively make decisions and take action to save their own lives as crisis unfolds

    u Recommends locking down in a secure room if possible

    u Trains students to barricade classroom doors with furniture

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    u Trains students to evacuate the building whenever feasible, including from windows

    u Includes a controversial “counter” component that instructs students, if all else fails, to throw objects and confuse and even physically attack the shooter

    SOURCES: Massachusetts Juvenile Police Officers’ Association; Response Options