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    Keeping students safe

    LOCKDOWN

    Used by most school districts nationwide when an armed intruder enters a school building or grounds, the protocol directs staff and students to:

     Sound a lockdown alert

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     Lock classroom doors

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     Turn out the lights

     Hide in a far corner of the classroom

     Remain calm and quiet inside the building and wait for help

     Not make independent decisions during the emergency

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    ALICE

    Standing for “Alert, Lockdown, Inform, Counter, Evacuate” and used in about 300 school districts nationwide for its “enhanced lockdown options,” the program:

     Authorizes staff and students to actively make decisions and take action to save their own lives as a crisis unfolds

     Recommends locking down in a secure room if possible

     Trains students to barricade classroom doors with furniture

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     Trains students to evacuate the building whenever feasible, including from windows

    Includes a controversial “counter” component that instructs students, if all else fails, to throw objects, confuse and even physically attack the shooter

    SOURCES: Massachusetts Juvenile Police ­Officer’s Association; Response Options