SANFORD, Fla. (AP) — Neighborhood watch volunteer George Zimmerman made his first court appearance Thursday on a second-degree murder charge in the shooting death of Trayvon Martin.
During the brief appearance, Zimmerman stood up straight, looked straight ahead and wore a gray prison jumpsuit. He spoke only to answer ‘‘Yes, sir,’’ twice after he was asked basic questions about the charge against him and his attorney.
His hair was shaved down to stubble and he had a thin goatee, which appeared consistent with his booking photo from the day before. He had resurfaced Wednesday to turn himself in after weeks in hiding.
The judge said he found probable cause to move ahead with the case and that an arraignment would be held on May 29 before another judge.
Zimmerman was charged after a public campaign to make an arrest in the Feb. 26 shooting, which has galvanized the nation for weeks. Some legal experts had expected Zimmerman to face a lesser count of manslaughter and say a prosecutor will face steep hurdles to win a murder conviction. Zimmerman has claimed that he fired in self-defense.
Legal experts say prosecutors face steep hurdles to win a second-degree murder conviction against Zimmerman. The prosecutor and her team will have to prove the 28-year-old Zimmerman intentionally went after Martin instead of shooting him in self-defense, to refute arguments that a Florida law empowered him to use deadly force.
‘‘He is concerned about getting a fair trial and a fair presentation,’’ his attorney, Mark O'Mara said. ‘‘He is a client who has a lot of hatred focused on him. I'm hoping the hatred settles down ... he has the right to his own safety and the case being tried before a judge and jury.’’
Speaking Thursday on NBC’s ‘‘Today’’ show, O'Mara said Zimmerman is stressed and very tired and hoping to get bail.
‘‘He wants to be out (of jail) to be able to help with his defense, but overall he is doing ok,’’ O'Mara told NBC.
Meanwhile, Martin’s mother clarified what she meant by telling ‘‘Today’’ the case was an accident.
That comment left it unclear if she thought the shooting was accidental. But Sybrina Fulton told The Associated Press that she was referring to the chance encounter between Zimmerman and her son.
‘‘Their meeting was the accident,’’ Fulton said. ‘‘That was the accident. Not the actual act of him shooting him. That was murder ... They were never supposed to meet.’’
Legal experts said Corey chose a tough route with the murder charge, which could send Zimmerman to prison for life if he’s convicted, over manslaughter, which usually carries 15-year prison terms and covers reckless or negligent killings.
The prosecutors must prove Zimmerman’s shooting of Martin was rooted in hatred or ill will and counter his claims that he shot Martin to protect himself while patrolling his gated community in the Orlando suburb of Sanford. Zimmerman’s lawyers would only have to prove by a preponderance of evidence — a relatively low legal standard — that he acted in self-defense at a pretrial hearing to prevent the case from going to trial.
There’s a ‘‘high likelihood it could be dismissed by the judge even before the jury gets to hear the case,’’ Florida defense attorney Richard Hornsby said.
Corey announced the charges Wednesday after an extraordinary 45-day campaign for Zimmerman’s arrest, led by Martin’s parents and civil rights activists, including the Rev. Al Sharpton and the Rev. Jesse Jackson. Protesters wore hooded sweatshirts like the one Martin had on the night of the shooting. The debate reached all the way to the White House, where President Barack Obama observed last month: ‘‘If I had a son, he'd look like Trayvon.’’
Corey would not discuss how she reconciled conflicting accounts of the shooting by Zimmerman, witnesses and phone recordings that indicated Martin thought Zimmerman was following him.
‘‘We do not prosecute by public pressure or by petition. We prosecute based on the facts on any given case as well as the laws of the state of Florida,’’ Corey said Wednesday. She was also present at Thursday’s hearing.
Martin’s parents expressed relief over the decision to prosecute the person who shot their son.
‘‘The question I would really like to ask him is, if he could look into Trayvon’s eyes and see how innocent he was, would he have then pulled the trigger? Or would he have just let him go on home?’’ said his father, Tracy Martin.
Many attorneys said they had expected the prosecutor to opt for the lesser charge of manslaughter. The most severe homicide charge, first-degree murder, is subject to the death penalty in Florida and requires premeditation — something all sides agreed was not present in this case.
‘‘I predicted manslaughter, so I'm a little surprised,’’ said Michael Seigel, a former federal prosecutor who now teaches law at the University of Florida. ‘‘But she has more facts than I do.’’
O'Mara, Zimmerman’s attorney, said his client would plead not guilty and invoke Florida’s so-called ‘‘stand your ground’’ law, which gives people wide latitude to use deadly force rather than retreat during a fight.
The confrontation took place in a gated community where Martin was staying with his father and his father’s fiancée. Martin was walking back in the rain from a convenience store when Zimmerman spotted him and called 911. He followed the teenager despite being told not to by a police dispatcher and the two got into a struggle.
Zimmerman told police Martin punched him in the nose, knocking him down, and then began banging the volunteer’s head on the sidewalk. Zimmerman said he shot Martin in fear for his life. Sanford police took Zimmerman, whose father is white and whose mother is Hispanic, into custody the night of the shooting but released him without charging him.
___Bluestein reported from Atlanta. Associated Press writers Suzanne Gamboa in Washington, Gary Fineout in Jacksonville, Fla.; Mike Schneider in Orlando, Fla.; Curt Anderson in Miami, Kyle Hightower in Sanford, Fla.; and Brendan Farrington in Tallahassee, Fla.; also contributed to this article.