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The Boston Globe

Nation

As Earth Day is marked, EPA in a fight for survival

WASHINGTON - Many obvious signs of pollution - clouds of smoke billowing from industrial chimneys, raw sewage flowing into rivers, garbage strewn over beaches and roadsides - have disappeared from the American scene.

It was those images that heightened environmental awareness in the 1970s, and led to the first Earth Day and the creation of the Environmental Protection Agency in 1970. Such environmental consciousness caused Congress to pass almost unanimously some of the country’s bedrock environmental laws in the years that followed.

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