They are some of the best known, highly paid people in the country, whose opinions are documented continuously by the press and consumed ravenously by the public. But unlike others with similar wealth and influence, professional athletes seldom venture into politics, generally keeping their views and money on the sidelines this election season.
In Boston, only one of 188 players listed on the rosters of the
Meanwhile, owners of all four major clubs have given generously to federal candidates and committees. Larry Lucchino of the Red Sox and Stephen Pagliuca of the Celtics have donated the maximum allowed to Obama. Patriots owner Robert Kraft has, too, while giving $500 to presumptive Republican nominee Mitt Romney. And Jeremy Jacobs of the Bruins has contributed $3,500 to Romney.
Fans do not seem to mind political expression by team executives, but for players “there’s often a price to pay for speaking out,’’ according to Timothy Davis, a member of the National Sports Law Institute’s Board of Advisors. “Fans feel more comfortable with their athletes not expressing social and political views because they want sports to be an escape from all that.’’
Bruins goaltender Tim Thomas paid a price in January when he refused to join his Stanley Cup-winning teammates on a visit to the White House, writing on his Facebook page, “I believe the Federal government has grown out of control, threatening the Rights, Liberties, and Property of the People.’’ Just months after Thomas was named the NHL’s best goalie and the most valuable player of the playoffs, some fans wanted him to be traded.
Sports agents warn their clients about such backlashes and often advise them to remain politically neutral.
“We’re always educating our athletes about how to handle the media, what to say and what not to say,’’ said Todd Ramasar, an agent who represents Ryan Hollins of the Celtics and Baron Davis of the
Even when the message is less explicit, it is no less clear. A Patriots team source said Kraft - who in 2008 made maximum campaign donations to both Obama and Republican nominee John McCain and also gave to Romney and Democrat John Edwards during the primaries - has a motto that trickles down to the locker room: “You can never have enough friends, so why make enemies?’’
Or as Michael Jordan put it in 1990, when he refused to endorse Democrat Harvey Gantt in a North Carolina Senate race, “Republicans buy shoes, too.’’
But if an athlete risks alienating fans by opening his wallet or taking a public stand, he faces no such danger by casting a ballot in the privacy of a voting booth. Yet, the culture of sports does little to encourage even the most basic form of civic participation.
“Political engagement is fostered over time, and a lot of athletes miss out on opportunities to build that because of the control their coaches or athletic programs have over their time and focus,’’ Davis said.
There have been no major studies of professional athletes’ voting habits, but anecdotal evidence suggests turnout is low. The NFL, NBA, and NHL all are in season in November, when presidential elections are held. With busy travel schedules, the only way for many players to vote is by absentee ballot.
“It’s definitely difficult when you’re dealing with the voting process, because you’re playing and you’re all over the place,’’ said former tight end Jermaine Wiggins, who won a Super Bowl with the Patriots and played seven NFL seasons. “You’re moving here and you’re moving there, and you’re living in different cities.’’
Former linebacker Matt Chatham, who played eight NFL seasons and won three Super Bowls in six years with the Patriots, recalled voting by absentee ballot in South Dakota during his playing days but noted that politics rarely came up in conversations with team personnel.
The Patriots, Celtics, and Bruins said they have no programs to help players obtain absentee ballots and do not actively encourage them to do so.
When athletes do enter the political arena, it is often after retirement - and their efforts are frequently devoted to promoting their own candidacies. Notable players-turned-politicians include Bill Bradley, a basketball Hall of Famer who served three terms in the Senate and ran for president in 2000; Jack Kemp, who won two American Football League titles with the
There was a time when active athletes were more willing to deliver political messages, said Dan Lebowitz, executive director of the Center for the Study of Sport in Society at Northeastern University. He pointed to John Carlos and Tommie Smith, who raised black-gloved fists on the medal stand at the 1968 Olympics, and Muhammad Ali, who a year earlier refused to fight in Vietnam.
For Ali, the price was a three-year ban from boxing; for Carlos and Smith, it was decades of scorn. Carlos’s first wife committed suicide in 1977 partly, he has said, because of the prolonged public outcry over his “black power’’ statement.
The stakes are much lower for today’s athletes, but most subscribe to the Jordan philosophy, Lebowitz said.
“It’s too bad,’’ he said, “because the great thing about sports is it does engage people in a conversation. I think it’d be great to have more athletes speak out on politics and race.’’