US school districts refusing to order beef with ‘pink slime’

Lori Wolfe/The Herald-Dispatch via Associated Press
Pre-kindergartner Titus Bailey waited in line for his lunch at West Hamlin Elementary School in West Hamlin, W.Va.

NEW YORK - The nation’s school districts are turning up their noses at “pink slime,’’ the beef product that caused a public uproar earlier this year.

The Department of Agriculture says the vast majority of states participating in its National School Lunch Program have opted to order ground beef that doesn’t contain the product known as lean finely textured beef. Only three states - Iowa, Nebraska, and South Dakota - chose to order beef that may contain the filler.

The product has been used for decades and federal regulators say it’s safe to eat. It nevertheless became the center of national attention after the nickname “pink slime’’ was quoted in a New York Times article. The filler is made of fatty bits of beef that are heated, then treated with a puff of ammonia to kill bacteria.


In response to the public outcry over its use, the USDA said in March said that it would for the first time offer schools the choice to purchase beef without the filler for the coming 2012-2013 school year. The agency has continued to affirm that lean finely textured beef is a safe, affordable, and nutritious product that reduces overall fat content.

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Beef Products Inc., the South Dakota company that makes the filler, said in an e-mailed statement that the repudiation is not reflective of the quality or safety of the beef it produces.

“Based upon the misrepresentations that have been pervasive in the media to this point, it comes as no surprise that the majority of states have currently elected to purchase ground beef that does not contain lean finely textured beef,’’ said Craig Letch, the company’s director of food safety and quality.

The company announced this month that it will shutter three of its four plants as a result of the controversy. In the meantime, it has set up a website,, to combat what it says are myths about the product.

As of May 18, the USDA says states ordered more than 20 million pounds of ground beef products that don’t contain lean finely textured beef. Orders for beef that may contain the filler came to about 1 million pounds.


Because schools were not given a choice last year, all states may have previously received beef with the product mixed in. The USDA estimates that lean finely textured beef accounted for about 6.5 percent of ground beef orders.